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GOD SHAMASH The Sun God Shamash rising between Mashu's Twin Peaks.To the Sumerians, Mashu was a sacred mountain. Its name means "twin" in Akkadian, and thus was it portrayed on Babylonian cylinder seals - a twin-peaked mountain, described by poets as both the seat of the gods, and the under-world. The painting is borrowed from a cylinder seal. Background is decorated with cuneiform writing.
Sumerian counting tokens - "The tokens were an entirely new medium for conveying information. Compared to the previous tallies, the conceptual leap was to endow each token shape, such as the cone, sphere, or disk, with a specific meaning." "The token system was, in fact, the first code -- the earliest system of signs used for transmitting information."