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GOD SHAMASH The Sun God Shamash rising between Mashu's Twin Peaks.To the Sumerians, Mashu was a sacred mountain. Its name means "twin" in Akkadian, and thus was it portrayed on Babylonian cylinder seals - a twin-peaked mountain, described by poets as both the seat of the gods, and the under-world. The painting is borrowed from a cylinder seal. Background is decorated with cuneiform writing.

Dur-Sharrukin: relief, genie w/a poppy flower. Palace of King Sargon II. Khorsabad, Iraq, 716–713 BC

Sumerian counting tokens - "The tokens were an entirely new medium for conveying information. Compared to the previous tallies, the conceptual leap was to endow each token shape, such as the cone, sphere, or disk, with a specific meaning." "The token system was, in fact, the first code -- the earliest system of signs used for transmitting information."

Sumerian Cylinder seal showing Enki

Temple dedicated to the sun god Surya - By Unitopia Stefan Perneborg

Detail of ceremonial chariot. Golden falcon (Horus) wears the solar disk on which is engraved the winged scarab, symbol of the rising sun and resurrection.

Cylinder seal Near Eastern, Mesopotamian, Sumerian, Jemdet Nasr, 3100–2900 B.C.

The Sumerian God Abu by laion_terry, via Flickr

Painted Plume with Sun Disk Containing Winged Kheper Beetle. Egypt, Late Period, 24th-30th Dynasty, 724-343 B.C.

Gold seal - Ishtar as Mistress of Animals, Turkmenistan, ca 2000 BC, Schaffhausen Museum BACTRIAN OR PERSIAN?