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The Oldest Cookbook in the World, clay Babylonian tablet, inscribed in Akkadian. It dates to ca. 1750 BC (the time of Hammurabi) and contains the oldest known cooking recipes.

Turkey: Ancient language discovered, dating back 2500 years to the Assyrian Empire — World Archaeology

Inscription of Queen Zenobia at Palmyra. Zenobia (240 – c. 275) was a 3rd-century Queen of the Palmyrene Empire in Roman Syria. She led a famous revolt against the Roman Empire. Zenobia became queen of the Palmyrene Empire following Odaenathus' death in 267. By 269, Zenobia had expanded the empire, conquering Egypt and expelling the Roman prefect, Tenagino Probus, who was beheaded after he led an attempt to recapture the territory. She ruled over Egypt until 274.

Period: Neo-Assyrian Date: ca. 8th century B.C. Geography: Mesopotamia, Nimrud (ancient Kalhu, IRAQ)

The archaeological site of Tombos is a New Kingdom period colony in Nubia (present-day Sudan). The settlement had an interesting history, to say the least. Tombos had a cosmopolitan population made up of local Nubians who were militarily occupied by the Egyptians during the New Kingdom. The population of Nubians eventually evicted the Egyptians, and established the Napatan Dynasty who themselves ruled Egypt as the 25th dynasty of the Third Intermediate Period.

A small section of the Achaemenid Palaces of Darius in Susa, Persia, constructed by Babylonian craftsmen when Babylon was part of the world's first true empire.

Triangular label impressed with stamp seal: for grain loan METROPOLITAN MIUSEUM Period: Neo-Assyrian Date: ca. 7th century B.C. Geography: Mesopotamia, Nimrud (ancient Kalhu) Culture: Assyrian Medium: Clay

GULLAH LANGUAGE | Gullah speak an English-based creole language containing many African loanwords and significant influences from African languages in grammar and sentence structure. The Gullah language is related to Jamaican Creole, Bahamian Dialect, and the Krio language of Sierra Leone in West Africa. Gullah storytelling, foodways, music, folk beliefs, crafts, farming and fishing traditions, etc. all exhibit strong influences from West and Central African cultures.

Stela Period: New Kingdom Dynasty: Dynasty 18 Date: ca. 1550–1295 B.C. Geography: Country of Origin Egypt, Memphite Region, Memphis (Mit Rahina), Temple of Ptah

Perfume bottle in the shape of a hes-vase inlaid with the figure of a princess Period: New Kingdom, Amarna Period Dynasty: Dynasty 18 Reign: reign of Akhenaten Date: ca. 1353–1336 B.C.!!! Geography: Egypt

Norse Runes: Futhark Runic Alphabet - uthark is the name given to a group of runic alphabets. Norse runes were letters used in ancient Germanic languages before the Roman script was adopted. Futhark was used for a long period of time by various peoples to write various languages. Its earlier version is known as the Elder Futhark. Later variant is known as the Younger Futhark. The word Futhark is formed after the first six runes in the rune sequence. Learn more. #languages

Inscription on Lycian tomb. Lycian was an Anatolian language spoken in what is now the Antalya region of Turkey up to about the 3rd Century BC, when the Lycians adopted Greek as their languages. Lycian is thought to have developed from Luwian, a language spoken in Asia Minor before the arrival of the Hittites (c. 18th century BC), and was related to Lydian. Around 180 inscriptions in Lycian dating from the fifth and fourth centuries BC have been found..

Proto-Elamite, Mesop. 3000 BC. This solid-cast sculpture is one of a pair of nearly identical images of a hero or a demon wearing the upturned boots assoc. w/highland regions, his power enhanced by the mighty horns of the ibex