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John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, was Richard II's uncle and advisor. He was also the father of Henry IV and a patron of Chaucer. When John of Gaunt married a Castilian princess, he declared himself King of Castile and Leon "and insisted his fellow English nobles henceforth address him as 'my lord of Spain.'" He signed documents with "'Yo El Rey' (I, the King)." Eventually, he tried to conquer Castile and failed. I'm considering declaring myself Queen of somewhere just for the titles.

1403-1444 - John Beaufort, Duke of Somerset - Wimborne Minster, Dorset eldest son of John of Gaunt. Margaret Beaufort's father. Henry VII's grandfather. Believed to have commited suicide after a quarrel with the government led him to the disgrace of banishment from court. Henry VII' s best blood claim to the throne actually came through this Beaufort line, which was descended from a mistress (and later wife) of John of Gaunt named Katherine Swynford.

The Beaufort Portcullis was a very important part of the representation of Henry VII and that of his descendants. Margaret Beaufort, his mother, is a descendant of the first duke of Lancester, John of Gaunt. He was the son of king Edward III which means that Henry Tudor had Royal blood which strengthens his claim on the throne

Henry of Bolingbroke, I Duke of Hereford, II Duke of Lancaster was born the only legitimate son of John of Gaunt (q.v.) in 1366. Gaunt, I Duke of Lancaster, was the second son of Edward III. His elder brother was known as the Black Prince, who died before he could become king.

Edward VI, King of England/••••of "The King's Speech" fame. Queen Elizabeth II's father.

JOHN BEAUFORT of GAUNT "Duke of Aquitaine, 1st Duke of Lancaster, King of Castile" Plantagenet 1340-1399 . Son of King Edward III and Philippa of Hainault. His wife was Catherine Swynford Princess and Duchess of Lancaster Roet. John was not only one of the richest men in his era, but also one of the wealthiest men to have ever lived. Taking into account inflation rates, John was worth a modern equivalent of $110 billion, making him the sixteenth richest man in history.

Katherine Swynford, Duchess of Lancaster became the third wife of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, a son of King Edward III. Their descendants were members of the Beaufort family, which played a major role in the Wars of the Roses. Henry VII, who became King of England in 1485, derived his claim to the throne from his mother Lady Margaret Beaufort, who was a great-granddaughter of Gaunt and Katherine Swynford.

King Edward IV - 1442 - 1483, the first Yorkist King of England, having battled the Lancastrian challenge to his throne in 1471, and then reigning in peace until his death.

Father and son : Prince Edward and king George V

TUDOR ROSE-- Catherine DeRoet Swynford; mistress and eventual 3rd wife of John of Gaunt (son of Edward III); Duchess of Lancaster and ancestress of the Tudor line via their children, the Beauforts

John of Gaunt (1340-1399), Prince and Steward of England; 4th son of Edward III John ('John of Gaunt'), Duke of Lancaster and Aquitaine

King George V with his eldest sons: Edward, Albert and Henry via gildaandtheroyals...