Amber is fossil tree resin. Although not mineralized, it is often classified as a gemstone. A common misconception is that amber is made of tree sap; it is not. Sap is the fluid that circulates through a plant's vascular system, while resin is the semi-solid amorphous organic substance secreted in pockets and canals through epithelial cells of the plant. Because it used to be soft and sticky tree resin, amber can sometimes contain insects and even small vertebrates.

Amber comes from the fossilised sap of the giant conifer tree. It has a rich and sweet fragrance which is both soothing and stimulating, and is a known aphrodisiac.

Dendritic patterns of the Ammonite suture - 110 million years old fossil.

Amber

Amber

Copal - Colombia Colombian copal (amber) is a type of resin produced from plant sap from tropical legume and araucarian trees.

AMBER

Amber

Rich golden amber - one of the complex fragrance ingredients in Aesthetic Content's Fumoso Cedar Luxury Scented Soy Candle. www.aestheticcontent.com

Amber

Amber

AMBER

Amber

Amber

Baltic amber

1480 gram amber stone

blue amber beads

Blue Amber found only in the Dominican Republic. The color is a result of blue fluorescence and no solid blue color. The color may be a result of volcanic dust or ash present when the resin was pressed out millions of years ago.

Adam Peel on Twitter: 80 million year old palaeoctopus newboldi from NHM placement last week,shown to us by @NHM_Cephalopoda #fossilfriday

dinosaur feathers in amber