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Helene Dutrieu of Belgium was known as the "girl hawk" of aviation because she was the most daring and accomplished woman pilot of her time. She first soloed in France in 1909 and within a year was setting altitude and distance records.

A woman named Abby Fisher, a former slave from South Carolina, is the author of the first published African American cookbook. Born in 1832, Abby Fisher was freed after the Civil War. After she and her family moved to San Francisco, she entered her food in cooking competitions. Her recipes, especially pickles, jellies and preserves, would become an instant success with friends and the upper class. She would be known around town as “Mrs. Abby Fisher, Pickle Manufacturer.”

Victoria Claflin Woodhull, circa 1872. First woman to run for President of the United States.

Librarian, author, and storyteller Augusta Braxston Baker was the first African American woman to hold an administrative position with the New York Public Library (NYPL). She was a pioneering advocate of the positive portrayal of blacks in children’s literature, and beginning in the 1930s removed books with negative stereotypes from the NYPL shelves. #librarian #storyteller #author #Baltimore #Maryland

Anna Atkins (née Children; 1799-1871) was an English botanist and photographer. She is often considered the first person to publish a book illustrated with photographic images. Some sources claim that she was the first woman to create a photograph.

Joan Baez singing "I Dreamed I Saw Joe Hill Last Night," at a Peace March, 1965.

Dr. Sarah Loguen Fraser (January 29, 1850 - April 1933), the first African American to graduate from Syracuse University College of Medicine in 1876, one of the first African American Women to earn a medical degree.

Willa Beatrice Brown, the first black woman to receive a commission as a lieutenant in the U.S. Civil Air Patrol. She trained Air Force pilots during in the 1940s.

Olympe de Gouges was the author of the Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen in 1791. The pamphlet criticized the failure of the male revolutionaries to extend their righteous ideals of equality to include women.

Meet the “Chinese Joan of Arc,” Qiu Jin (秋瑾) (1875-1907), a radical women’s rights activist who defied tradition to become the leader of a revolutionary army. Qiu Jin boldly challenged traditional gender roles and demanded equal rights and opportunities for women. She was the first woman to lead an armed uprising against the corrupt Qing Dynasty, for which she was arrested and executed. She became the first female martyr for China’s 1911 Revolution and is celebrated as a national heroine today.

Isadora Duncan: born in 1877 in San Francisco, raised by a single mother. Dropped out of school at age 10. She took ballet but hated it and quit. She created a new kind of dance, and is now known as one of the pioneers of modern dance, inspired by the art and philosophy of Ancient Greece, the music of classical composers, and the natural world. In her adult life, she became a champion for the women's rights movement.

The only known photograph of Mary Seacole (1805-1881), who was a Jamaican nurse in the Crimean war. She traveled to the Crimean despite discrimination from the War Office (for being a woman) and Florence Nightingale (for being black). She saved many lives on both sides of conflicts, tending the wounded on the battlefield, under fire. "...being dark, [she] could scarce be seen for the flame of Florence's candle" (Salman Rushdie).

'Rosalind Franklin~the true discoverer of DNA, the first to photograph it and identify it as a double helix. She also conducted research on the polio, and tobacco mosaic viruses.'

Ada Lovelace (1815 - 1852), daughter of British poet Lord Byron, was a mathematician who worked with Charles Babbage, who is known as the father of the modern computer. Ada translated a book for Babbage, but added her own work, including the first algorithm ever written for computing. She and Babbage became a team. She is considered the mother of computer programming. She died of uterine cancer at the age of 36.

Gertrude Belle Elion (1918-1999) American biochemist and pharmacologist who played a key role in developing the AIDS drug AZT, receiving the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1988 together with two other researchers. She was the first woman to be inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame.

Amandine Lucile Aurore Dupin, best known by her pseudonym George Sand, was a remarkable woman - a prodigious novelist, dramatist and campaigner for all manner of political reform. A rebellious, cross-dressing, cigar-smoking, scandalously-acting woman writer who lived at a time that was certainly much more of a man's world than today. Chopin was only one of many famous men in her life.

"Get it straight: I'm not a humanitarian, I'm a hell-raiser." 1912 speech given by activist Mother Jones to West Virginia miners. She was a fearless fighter for workers’ rights.

Victoria Woodhull -1st woman to operate a brokerage on Wall St, 1st woman to run a newspaper, 1st woman to run for President in 1872

Ruth Ellington Boatwright -- 16 years younger than her brother Duke Ellington, Ruth, planned to teach biology, graduating in 1939 from Columbia. She spent time in Europe studying languages and writing a thesis comparing the teaching of biology in NYC and Paris. (She stayed in Paris with Josephine Baker, a close friend of her brother.) But her plans took a turn in 1941, when Duke asked her to be president of his company, Tempo Music, and she managed her brother's business for over fifty years.

Marian Anderson (1897-1993), renowned contralto and first African American to sing at the Metropolitan Opera.

Lucy Maud Montgomery - The author who wrote the Anne of Green Gables books.

Nancy Drew author Mildred Wirt Benson among her books, Toledo, 1949.