Rebecca Soni breaks 200 Breaststroke world record again, wins gold - Swapping laps of the pool for hours in the Pacific paid off for American Rebecca Soni, as the breaststroke champion took gold in the 200 meters and broke her second world record in 24 hours. Summer Olympics, London 2012, 2012 Olympics, Win Gold, 2012 Summer, Rebecca Sony, Olympics 2012, London Olympics, Olympics Parks
Helene Dutrieu of Belgium was known as the "girl hawk" of aviation because she was the most daring and accomplished woman pilot of her time. She first soloed in France in 1909 and within a year was setting altitude and distance records.
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HELENE DUTRIEU known as the "girl hawk" of aviation (was the most daring and accomplished woman pilot of her time, became the first Belgian woman to receive a pilot's license, set many records and in 1913, the French government awarded her the Legion of Honor for her achievements)
Helene Dutrieu of Belgium was known as the "girl hawk" of aviation because she was the most daring and accomplished woman pilot of her time.... (Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum: Women in Aviaition and Space History)
A woman named Abby Fisher, a former slave from South Carolina, is the author of the first published African American cookbook. Born in 1832, Abby Fisher was freed after the Civil War. After she and her family moved to San Francisco, she entered her food in cooking competitions. Her recipes, especially pickles, jellies and preserves, would become an instant success with friends and the upper class. She would be known around town as “Mrs. Abby Fisher, Pickle Manufacturer.”
A woman named Abby Fisher, a former slave from South Carolina, is the author of the first published African American cookbook. Born in 1832, Abby Fisher was freed after the Civil War. After she and her family moved to San Francisco, she entered her food in cooking competitions. Her recipes, especially pickles, jellies and preserves, would become an instant success with friends and the upper class. She would be known around town as “Mrs. Abby Fisher, Pickle Manufacturer.
Victoria Claflin Woodhull, circa 1872. First woman to run for President of the United States.
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Victoria Claflin Woodhull, circa 1872. First woman to run for president of the United States.
Victoria Woodhull (1838-1927) First woman to be nominated and campaign for the U.S. presidency. She was nominated by the Women's National Equal Rights Party. Woodhull and her sister were also the first two female stockbrokers on Wall Street.
Librarian, author, and storyteller Augusta Braxston Baker was the 1st African American woman to hold an administrative position with the New York Public Library (NYPL). She was a pioneering advocate of the positive portrayal of Blacks in children’s literature, and beginning in the 1930s removed books with negative stereotypes from the NYPL shelves.
Librarian, author, and storyteller Augusta Braxston Baker was the first African American woman to hold an administrative position with the New York Public Library (NYPL). She was a pioneering advocate of the positive portrayal of blacks in children’s literature, and beginning in the 1930s removed books with negative stereotypes from the NYPL shelves. #librarian #storyteller #author #Baltimore #Maryland
Removal Books, Teachers College
Augusta Braxton Baker, librarian & storyteller. She is renowned for her contributions to children's literature, specifically as a pioneering advocate for its positive portrayal of Blacks. As the 1st African American woman to hold an administrative position with the New York Public Library, she oversaw children's programs within the entire NYPL system, removing books with negative stereotypes from its shelves. She was also the 1st African American to graduate from Albany's Teacher College. R.I.P.
Anna Atkins (née Children; 1799-1871) was an English botanist and photographer. She is often considered the first person to publish a book illustrated with photographic images. Some sources claim that she was the first woman to create a photograph.
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This is Anna Atkins, she was also the first female photographer as well she was considered the first person to produce a book with photographic images.
Anna Atkins (Maiden name Anna Children) (16 March 1799 – 9 June 1871) was an English botanist and photographer. She is often considered the first person to publish a book illustrated with photographic images. Some sources claim that she was the first woman to create a photograph Portrait of Anna Atkins, 1861
Anna Atkins, 1851 by Unknown photographer
Фотограф Максим Яковчук: 9 июня 1871 года скончалась знаменитый английский ...
Joan Baez singing "I Dreamed I Saw Joe Hill Last Night," at a Peace March, 1965.
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Joan Baez 1965.
"Singer-songwriter JOAN BAEZ performs one of her classic folk ballads at the MARCH FOR PEACE RALLY held in Washington, D.C. in 1965. Along with Bob Dylan and the folk trio Peter, Paul, and Mary, Joan Baez was a cultural icon of the 1960’s peace and civil rights movements. This Joyce image captures Baez at the height of her musical career and in full command of the large audience that had marched on Washington to protest America’s involvement in the Vietnam War."
Dr. Sarah Loguen Fraser (January 29, 1850 - April 1933), the first African American to graduate from Syracuse University College of Medicine in 1876, one of the first African American Women to earn a medical degree.
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Sarah Fraser, physician 1850-1933
World Black History!: "Dr.Sarah FraserLougen"(January 29-1850-April 9 19...
Dr. Sarah Fraiser
Willa Beatrice Brown, the first black woman to receive a commission as a lieutenant in the U.S. Civil Air Patrol. She trained Air Force pilots during in the 1940s.
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WWII -Willa Beatrice Brown, a 31-year-old African American, served her country by training pilots for the U.S. Army Air Force. She was the first Black woman to receive a commission as a Lieutenant in the U.S. Civil Air Patrol." Good for her. As a vet, female, in a man's world..The challenge was great.. she persevered..what a great role model!..
Olympe de Gouges was a French social reformer and challenged the traditional view on numerous matters, especially the rights of women as citizens. In her response to the "Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen", Gouges wrote the "Declaration of the Rights of Women", in which she argued not only that women have the same rights as men but also that children born outside of marriage should be treated as fairly as “legitimate” children in matters of inheritance. -L.O.
Olympe de Gouges was the author of the Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen in 1791. The pamphlet criticized the failure of the male revolutionaries to extend their righteous ideals of equality to include women.
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Marie Olympe Gouze, dite Olympe de Gouges, née à Montauban le 7 mai 1748 et morte guillotinée à Paris en France le 3 novembre 1793, est une femme de lettres française, devenue femme politique. Elle est considérée comme une des pionnières du féminisme français. Auteur de la Déclaration des droits de la femme et de la citoyenne, elle a laissé de nombreux écrits en faveur des droits civils et politiques des femmes et de l’abolition de l’esclavage des Noirs.
Olympe de Gouges, autora de la Declaración de los Derechos de la Mujer y de la Ciudadana (1791). On April 21, 1944, French women received the right to vote. Shocked that it took so long? Me too, but women in Paraguay had to wait until 1960 and those in the United Arab Emirates just got the vote in 2006! France’s relatively late entry into women’s suffrage is particularly ironic when one considers that this right was proposed at the time of the French Revolution.
Marie Olympe de Gouges, 1748-1793, playwright, author, feminist, abolitionist and advocate for human rights
Olympe de Gouges (1748 – 1793) was a French playwright and political activist whose feminist and abolitionist writings reached a large audience. She became an outspoken advocate for improving the condition of slaves in the colonies as of 1788. At the same time, she began writing political pamphlets. Today she is perhaps best known as an early feminist who demanded that French women be given the same rights as French men.
Meet the “Chinese Joan of Arc,” Qiu Jin (秋瑾) (1875-1907), a radical women’s rights activist who defied tradition to become the leader of a revolutionary army. Qiu Jin boldly challenged traditional gender roles and demanded equal rights and opportunities for women. She was the first woman to lead an armed uprising against the corrupt Qing Dynasty, for which she was arrested and executed. She became the first female martyr for China’s 1911 Revolution and is celebrated as a national heroine today.
China 1911, Gender Role, Radical Woman, Qiu Jin, Demand Equality, National Heroines, Woman Rights, Challenges Traditional, 1911 Revolutions
Qiu Jin - Qiu Jin (1875-1907), was a radical women’s rights activist who defied tradition to become the leader of a revolutionary army. Qiu Jin boldly challenged traditional gender roles and demanded equal rights and opportunities for women. She was the first woman to lead an armed uprising against the corrupt Qing Dynasty, for which she was arrested and executed. She became the first female martyr for China’s 1911 Revolution and is celebrated as a national heroine today.
Isadora Duncan: born in 1877 in San Francisco, raised by a single mother. Dropped out of school at age 10. She took ballet but hated it and quit. She created a new kind of dance, and is now known as one of the pioneers of modern dance, inspired by the art and philosophy of Ancient Greece, the music of classical composers, and the natural world. In her adult life, she became a champion for the women's rights movement.
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Isadora Duncan dancer, between 1915 and 1923, Arnold Genthe
Isadora Duncan - Dance pioneer
Inspirational - Isadora Duncan: born in 1877 in San Francisco, raised by a single mother. Dropped out of school at age 10. She took ballet but hated it and quit. She created a new kind of dance, and is now known as one of the pioneers of modern dance, inspired by the art and philosophy of Ancient Greece, the music of classical composers, and the natural world. In her adult life, she became a champion for the women's rights movement.
The only known photograph of Mary Seacole (1805-1881), who was a Jamaican nurse in the Crimean war. She traveled to the Crimean despite discrimination from the War Office (for being a woman) and Florence Nightingale (for being black). She saved many lives on both sides of conflicts, tending the wounded on the battlefield, under fire. "...being dark, [she] could scarce be seen for the flame of Florence's candle" (Salman Rushdie).
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Mary Seacole, pioneering nurse heroine of the Crimean War, who as a woman of mixed race overcame double prejudice. Mary Jane Grant was born in Kingston, Jamaica. Learned her nursing skills from her mother, who kept a boarding house for invalid soldiers. Asked the British War Office to be sent as an army nurse, but was refused. Funded her own trip set up hospice in a hotel. Visited the battlefield, sometimes under fire, to nurse the wounded. Her reputation rivaled that of Florence Nightingale
IF YOU'VE HEARD OF FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE YOU SHOULD KNOW THIS LADY. PLEASE TAKE A LOOK. Mary Seacole was a Jamaican nurse who risked her own life to treat the wounded in the Crimean War. As Mary was black, Florence Nightingale turned her away several times, so she set up her own 'British Hotel' and worked round the clock to nurse the soldiers. Often she would go out into the field to treat them too. A remarkable woman who is, at last, getting some recognition for her hard and dangerous work.
Mary Seacole - Jamaican nurse - unsung heroine of both Black History and British History. She was one of two famous women who aided british troops in the Crimea. Her contemporary, Florence Nightengale, she has been lionised and is renowned and celebrated to this day. Mary Seacole today remains largely unforgotten. (Mary Seacole website for her adventures)
'Rosalind Franklin~the true discoverer of DNA, the first to photograph it and identify it as a double helix. She also conducted research on the polio, and tobacco mosaic viruses.'
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Scientist Rosalind Franklin made the first clear X-ray images of DNA’s structure. Her work was described as the most beautiful X-ray photographs ever taken. Franklin’s ‘Photo 51’ informed Crick and Watson of DNA’s double helix structure for which they were awarded a Nobel Prize. Franklin died of ovarian cancer in 1958, aged 37, her contribution to DNA’s discovery story unacknowledged.
"Rosalind Franklin is the woman who did the majority of the work in discovering the structure of DNA (double helix), but the credit generally goes to James Watson and Francis Crick." She died from ovarian cancer.
British biophysicist Rosalind Franklin (1920-1958) took the photo that led to the discovery of the DNA double helix, but all recognition went to male colleagues Watson and Crick.
Ada Lovelace (1815 - 1852), daughter of British poet Lord Byron, was a mathematician who worked with Charles Babbage, who is known as the father of the modern computer. Ada translated a book for Babbage, but added her own work, including the first algorithm ever written for computing. She and Babbage became a team. She is considered the mother of computer programming. She died of uterine cancer at the age of 36.
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Ada Lovelace (1815-1852) born Augusta Ada Byron, the only legitimate child of Poet Lord Bryon & Anne Isabella Byron in England. Ada's mother studied mathematics. She encouraged Ada's passion for mathematics. Her mom hoped it would prevent Ada from developing the same eccentricities as her father. Ada met Charles Babbage in 1833. He constructed a model of a mechanical device to compute values of quadratic functions, the Difference Engine. Babbage also became Ada's mentor and helped her begin her mathematical studies in 1840 at the University of London. Ada translated an Article written by an Italian engineer Manabrea, describing Babbage's Analytical Engine, which was published in French. Ada translated the article into English for a British Scientific Journal. She added notes which gave instructions for using the Engine for calculating Bernoulli numbers. She published the translation under the initials "A.A.L.", concealing her identity, because women at that time, were not considered intellectually equal to men. In 1842-1843, Lovelace's notes were used as the first algorithm encoded to be processed by a machine, which made her the world's first computer programmer. Augusta Ada Byron, married William King. Her husband became the first Earl of Lovelace, and Ada became countess of Lovelace. They had three children. Ada unknowingly developed an addiction to prescribed drugs, and displayed mood swings and withdrawal symptoms. Ada also took up gambling and lost her fortune. Ada died in 1852 of Uterine Cancer. In 1953 Ada Lovelace's notes on Babbage's Analytical Engine, were republished after they had been forgotten. The Analytical Engine was now recognized as a model for a computer, and Lovelace's notes, as a description of a computer and software. In 1980, the U.S. Department of Defense settled on the name "Ada", for a new standardized computer language, named in honor of Ada Lovelace. #WomenHistoryMonth
Tuesday is Ada Lovelace Day: let's celebrate inspirational women
Ada Lovelace – The Prophet of the Computer Age - Ada Byron, Countess of Lovelace (1815-1852), otherwise known as “The Enchantress of Numbers”, was the daughter of the poet Lord Byron. At age 13, Ada was designing boats & steam driven flying machines. At 17 she met Charles Babbage, an English mathematician, inventor & engineer. They developed a lifelong friendship. Her importance as a mathematician comes from her work on the “Notes” she wrote to explain Charles Babbage’s Analytical Engine.
Gertrude Belle Elion (1918-1999) American biochemist and pharmacologist who played a key role in developing the AIDS drug AZT, receiving the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1988 together with two other researchers. She was the first woman to be inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame.
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"Gertrude Belle Elion (1918-1999) - American biochemist and pharmacologist who played a key role in developing the AIDS drug AZT, receiving the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1988 together with two other researchers. She was the first woman to be inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame." (Her high school graduation photo.)
Gertrude Elion's high school graduation photograph
Georges Sand ~ Real name: Amantine Aurore Lucile Dupin, was born on July 1 1804, and was a respected female French writer with a penchant for wearing mens' clothes - which, in 19th Century Paris, caused quite the scandal. Her works included novels, plays and both literary and political comment pieces.
Amandine Lucile Aurore Dupin, best known by her pseudonym George Sand, was a remarkable woman - a prodigious novelist, dramatist and campaigner for all manner of political reform. A rebellious, cross-dressing, cigar-smoking, scandalously-acting woman writer who lived at a time that was certainly much more of a man's world than today. Chopin was only one of many famous men in her life.
George Sands, Cleo De, Men Clothing, De Merod, De Merode, 19Th Century, Nadar Gaspardfélix, Gaspardfélix Tournachon, Cléo Of
"Amantine Lucile Aurore Dupin (George Sand)." ☞ No... Sachant que George Sand est morte en 1876, et que cette photo représente une " belle 1900" ( Cléo de Mérode ?). ..ce ne peut pas être elle !
George Sand ~ Real name: Amantine Aurore Lucile Dupin, was born on July 1 1804, and was a respected female French writer with a penchant for wearing mens' clothes - which, in 19th Century Paris, caused quite the scandal. Her works included novels, plays and both literary and political comment pieces.
Look Again ~ Pictured is Cleo de Merode (Cléopatra Diane de Mérode) French dancer and famed beauty (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cl%C3%A9o_de_M%C3%A9rode)
"Get it straight: I'm not a humanitarian, I'm a hell-raiser." 1912 speech given by activist Mother Jones to West Virginia miners. She was a fearless fighter for workers’ rights.
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Mother Jones organizes the wives of striking miners in Arnot, Pennsylvania, to descend on the mine with brooms and mops and clanging pots and pans. “I told the men to stay home with the children for a change and let the women attend to the scabs.” The women frightened away the mules and their scab drivers and returned daily to keep watch. The miners eventually won their strike.
Mother Jones - one the most influential labor activists in American history. She became an 'agitator' after experiencing two major tragedies—the death of her husband & 4 children in a yellow fever outbreak, and then the loss of her dressmaking shop & home in the Great Chicago Fire a few years later.
Watch video later: "Get it straight: I'm not a humanitarian, I'm a hell-raiser." This week, our Famous Speech Friday is a 1912 speech given by activist Mother Jones to West Virginia miners. Click through for what you can learn from this speech, plus rare video of her speaking.
Welcome to the Mother Jones Museum
Mary Harris “Mother” Jones (August 1, 1837 – November 30, 1930), born in Cork, Ireland, was a prominent American labor and community organizer, who helped co-ordinate major strikes and co-founded the Industrial Workers of the World. She worked as a teacher and dressmaker but after her husband and four children all died of yellow fever and her workshop was destroyed in a fire in 1871 she began working as an organizer for the Knights of Labor and the United Mine Workers union.
Victoria Woodhull -1st woman to operate a brokerage on Wall St, 1st woman to run a newspaper, 1st woman to run for President in 1872
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Victoria Woodhull in the late 1870s
Suffragist Victoria Woodhull was the first US woman to run for president. #Victorian #women #trailblazers
Victoria Woodhull 1st woman to run a newspaper 1st woman to run for President in 1872 #herstory #women's history
Ruth Ellington Boatwright -- 16 years younger than her brother Duke Ellington, Ruth, planned to teach biology, graduating in 1939 from Columbia. She spent time in Europe studying languages and writing a thesis comparing the teaching of biology in NYC and Paris. (She stayed in Paris with Josephine Baker, a close friend of her brother.) But her plans took a turn in 1941, when Duke asked her to be president of his company, Tempo Music, and she managed her brother's business for over fifty years.
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Sir Dukes Baby Sis, Ruth Ellington [b. 1915 - d. 2004]
Ruth Ellington BOATWRIGHT :: Duke Ellington's sister. She managed his music business for over 50 years after 1941.
Marian Anderson (1897-1993), renowned contralto and first African American to sing at the Metropolitan Opera.
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randall anderson | BLACK HISTORY 365 - *A CELEBRATION Everyday! * - Mingle City
Marian Anderson (1897-1993) Narrator, Civil Rights Activist, Renowned Contralto Opera Singer and first African American to sing at the Metropolitan Opera.
Marian Anderson (1897-1993) was a renowned contralto and the first African American to sing at the Metropolitan Opera. In 1939, the DAR refused to let her sing in DC's Constitution Hall because she was black. As a result, First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt resigned from the DAR, and her husband's administration arranged an outdoor concert for her at the Lincoln Memorial for a crowd of 75,000 + millions of radio listeners. In 1958, Anderson became a delegate to the United Nations.
Lucy Maud Montgomery - The author who wrote the Anne of Green Gables books.
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Book Review of The Lucy Maud Montgomery Literary Society at Reading to Know
Lucy Maud Montgomery - All time favorite author- Anne of Green Gables series and many others.
Nancy Drew author Mildred Wirt Benson among her books, Toledo, 1949.