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The Shen is a hieroglyphic representation of a coiled rope. It dates back to ancient Mesopotamia, where it was an emblem of divinity: The shen is often found in depictions of Egyptian deities, pharaohs, and other important persons. Where it appears surrounding a name, it signifies that the person named is under divine protection, and is called a shenu.
Roof of Hypostyle hall Dendera Temple, Egypt. Dendera Temple complex is one of the best-preserved temple complexes in Egypt. Dendera was a site for chapels or shrines from the beginning of ancient Egypt. Pharaoh Pepi I (ca. 2250 BC) built on this site & evidence exists of a temple in the 18th dynasty (ca 1500 BC). But the earliest extant building in the compound today is the Mammisi raised by Nectanebo II, last of the native pharaohs (360–343 BC).