Enrico Fermi was an Italian-born, naturalized American physicist particularly known for his work on the development of the first nuclear reactor, Chicago Pile-1, and for his contributions to the development of quantum theory, nuclear and particle physics, and statistical mechanics. He was awarded the 1938 Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on induced radioactivity.
Niels Bohr (7 October 1885 – 18 November 1962) was a Danish physicist who made foundational contributions to understanding atomic structure and quantum mechanics, for which he received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1922. He developed the model of the atom with the nucleus at the center and electrons in orbit around it, which he compared to the planets orbiting the sun.
Enrico Fermi (Roma, 29 settembre 1901 – Chicago, 29 novembre 1954) Inventore del primo reattore nucleare che produsse la prima reazione nucleare a catena controllata. Enrico Fermi (Rome, September 29, 1901 – Chicago, November 28, 1954) Inventor of the first nuclear reactor which produced the first controlled nuclear chain reaction.
Enrico Fermi 1938 Born: 29 September 1901, Rome, Italy Died: 28 November 1954, Chicago, IL, USA Affiliation at the time of the award: Rome University, Rome, Italy Prize motivation: "for his demonstrations of the existence of new radioactive elements produced by neutron irradiation, and for his related discovery of nuclear reactions brought about by slow neutrons" Field: Nuclear physics
Lise Meitner, (7 November 1878 – 27 October 1968) was an Austrian, later Swedish, physicist who worked on radioactivity and nuclear physics. Meitner was part of the team that discovered nuclear fission, an achievement for which her colleague Otto Hahn was awarded the Nobel Prize. Meitner is often mentioned as one of the most glaring examples of women's scientific achievement overlooked by the Nobel committee.
Erwin Rudolf Josef Alexander Schrödinger was an Austrian born physicist and theoretical biologist who was one of the fathers of quantum mechanics, and is famed for a number of important contributions to physics, especially the Schrödinger equation, for which he received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1933. In 1935 he proposed the Schrödinger's cat thought experiment.
Guglielmo Marconi - 25 April 1874 – 20 July 1937) was an Italian inventor, known as the father of long distance radio transmission and for his development of Marconi's law and a radio telegraph system. Marconi is often credited as the inventor of radio, and he shared the 1909 Nobel Prize in Physics with Karl Ferdinand Braun "in recognition of their contributions to the development of wireless telegraphy".
Julius Robert Oppenheimer (Apr 22, 1904 – Feb 18, 1967) Theoretical Physicist and Professor of Physics at University of California, Berkeley. With Enrico Fermi, he is called "Father of the Atomic Bomb" for his role in the Manhattan Project, World War II Project that developed the first nuclear weapons. First atomic bomb was detonated on July 16, 1945, Trinity test in New Mexico; He remarked later that it brought to mind words from Bhagavad Gita: "Now, I am become Death, the destroyer of worlds."
Marie Curie ~ "Marie Skłodowska-Curie (7 November 1867 – 4 July 1934) was a French-Polish physicist and chemist famous for her pioneering research on radioactivity. She was the first person honored with two Nobel Prizes – in physics and chemistry. She was the first female professor at the University of Paris, and in 1995 became the first woman to be entombed on her own merits in the Panthéon in Paris."