The Red-backed Poison Frog (Ranitomeya reticulata) is an arboreal insectivorous species, and is the second-most poisonous species in the genus, after R. variabilis. Like many species of small, poisonous frogs native to South America, it is grouped with the poison dart frogs, and is a moderately toxic species, containing poison capable of causing serious injury to humans, and death in animals such as chickens. R. reticulata is native to the Amazon rainforest in Peru and Ecuador
The vivid red or orange skin of the splash-backed poison frog (Dendrobates galactonotus) is a danger signal to potential predators. The frog lives in leaf litter on the rain forest floor of the southern Amazon River Basin in South America.