Agostino Carlini; Francesco Bartolozzi; Giovanni Battista Cipriani, 1777, by John Francis Rigaud. Three Italian-born artists who made their careers in England and who were all founder-members of the Royal Academy. Carlini is shown with a sculptor's hammer, Bartolozzi with an engraver's burin, and Cipriani, sitting before the easel, has a palette and a brush in his hand.
Sir William Chambers RA (1723-1796) was a Swedish architect, based in London. Among his best known works are Somerset House, London, and the pagoda at Kew. Also the Dunmore Pineapple and Dundas House. He was a founder member of the Royal Academy.
Giovanna Baccelli, Italian dancer, 1782, Thomas Gainsborough. She was a principal ballerina in London at the King's Theatre, Haymarket, where she first appeared in 1774. She reached the peak of her acclaimed career during the 1780-1 season when she appeared with Gaetan Vestris and his son Auguste in several important ballets devised by Noverre. Baccelli was equally known as the last and most enduring mistress of John Frederick Sackville, 3rd Duke of Dorset (1745-99). Tate
Sir Joshua Reynolds was one of the most important and influential of 18th century English painters, specializing in portraits and promoting the "Grand Style" in painting which depended on idealization of the imperfect. He was one of the founders and first President of the Royal Academy. George III appreciated his merits and knighted him in 1769.