Agostino Carlini; Francesco Bartolozzi; Giovanni Battista Cipriani, 1777, by John Francis Rigaud. Three Italian-born artists who made their careers in England and who were all founder-members of the Royal Academy. Carlini is shown with a sculptor's hammer, Bartolozzi with an engraver's burin, and Cipriani, sitting before the easel, has a palette and a brush in his hand.
Sir William Chambers RA (1723-1796) was a Swedish architect, based in London. Among his best known works are Somerset House, London, and the pagoda at Kew. Also the Dunmore Pineapple and Dundas House. He was a founder member of the Royal Academy.
Giovanna Baccelli, Italian dancer, 1782, Thomas Gainsborough. She was a principal ballerina in London at the King's Theatre, Haymarket, where she first appeared in 1774. She reached the peak of her acclaimed career during the 1780-1 season when she appeared with Gaetan Vestris and his son Auguste in several important ballets devised by Noverre. Baccelli was equally known as the last and most enduring mistress of John Frederick Sackville, 3rd Duke of Dorset (1745-99). Tate
Self Portrait, 1745, William Hoare RA (c.1707–1792) was an English portraitist, painter and printmaker; he was the leading Portraitist at Bath, until the arrival in the town of Thomas Gainsborough. Noted for his pastels, he was a foundation member of the Royal Academy. He came to Bath in 1738 and established himself as a portrait painter. He worked in Bath just as the city was becoming a resort. This meant that there was a constant and changing stream of people wanting their portraits…
The Countess of Sussex by Paulus Van Somer (1576/78-1622) a Flemish artist who arrived in England from Antwerp during the reign of King James I of England and became one of the leading painters of the royal court. Which countess of Suffolk this is, I don't know, could be Bridget Morison, wife of Robert Radcliffe, the 5th earl. (His mother was Elizabeth Howard, the half-sister of the Elizabeth Howard who was Anne Boleyn's mother.)
Anne Vallayer-Coster (December 21, 1744 – February 28, 1818) 1783, by Alexander Roslin 1783. Vallayer-Coster was a prodigy artist at a young age, she achieved fame and recognition very early in her career, being admitted to the Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture in 1770, at the age of twenty-six. The first woman to be admitted who was not a wife or daughter of an academician. Her life was determinedly private, dignified and hard-working.
David Garrick with his Wife Eva-Maria Veigel, William Hogarth, 1757-1764. Painted for Garrick, but refused by him. Damaged by Hogarth after whose death it was repaired; presented by Mrs H to Mrs G;artist and sitter quarrelled over this portrait. Garrick was displeased with his likeness and there are signs that Hogarth scored through the eyes. Although Garrick paid 15 pounds for the painting in 1763, it was in Hogarth's studio at the time of the artist's death in the following year.
Benjamin West... Portrait of George, Prince of Wales, and Prince Frederick, later Duke of York Britain, 1778 West was history painter to His Majesty King George III of England, who commissioned him in 1778 to paint a double portrait of the royal sons, George, later George IV, and Frederick, later Duke of York.... From... http://a-l-ancien-regime.tumblr.com/post/26719186414/benjamin-west-portrait-of-george-prince-of