c 1563 Queen Elizabeth I 1533-1603 The Hampden Portrait by Steven Van Der Meulen. This is reportedly the earliest portrait of the queen, after her coronation, with her bosom uncovered as was appropriate for unmarried women at that time.
Mary Queen of Scots; Born Mary Stuart at Linlithgow, 8 Dec 1542; died at Fotheringay, 8 Feb 1587. She was the only legitimate child of James V of Scotland. His death (14 Dec) followed immediately after her birth, and she became queen when only 6 days old. (pic: by Federico Zuccari).