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Most historians date the beginning of the modern civil rights movement in the United States to December 1, 1955. That was the day when an unknown seamstress in Montgomery, Alabama refused to give up her bus seat to a white passenger. This brave woman, Rosa Parks, was arrested and fined for violating a city ordinance, but her lonely act of defiance began a movement that ended legal segregation in America, and made her an inspiration to freedom-loving people everywhere.

Essence.comfrom Essence.com

PHOTOS: Iconic Women From the Civil Rights Movement

Rosa Parks

FEB 7 Rosa Louise McCauley Most historians date the beginning of the modern civil rights movement in the United States to December 1, 1955. That was the day when an unknown seamstress in Montgomery, Alabama refused to give up her bus seat to a white passenger. This brave woman, Rosa Parks, was arrested and fined for violating a city ordinance, but her lonely act of defiance began a movement that ended legal segregation in America, and made her an inspiration to freedom-loving peop

Claudette Colvin 1955....The woman who refused to give up her seat 9 months before the Rosa Parks Bus Boycott Movement!....#KnowYourHistory

famous black people | ... the American Civil Rights Movement_People in America_快乐英语网

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Community Post: Historic Photographs Of "White" Slaves

Isaac and Rosa 1863. Rosa is mixed race ancestry. Both were former slaves. Historic photos of "white" slaves

Anti-Rape and Civil Rights activist Rosa Parks. She was considered the best rape investigator the NAACP had and formed the Alabama Committee for Equal Justice for for Mrs Recy Taylor, the victim of a gang rape and kidnapping. The committee was called "strongest campaign for equal justice to be seen in a decade" by the Chicago Defender. 11 years later she would take a much deserved seat on a bus and refuse to get up.

American pacifist James Zwerg after being beaten by a mob in Montgomery, Alabama in 1960 as part of the Freedom Riders. Zwerg volunteered to leave the bus first upon arriving in Montgomery, knowing he’d be the blunt of the violent crowd’s aggression. He would have died that day if an anonymous black man hadn’t stepped in and saved his life by deflecting the mob’s attention to himself.

Shirley Chisholm (1924 - 2005) "Unbought and Unbossed" Chisholm was the first African American woman in Congress, a 1972 candidate for president, and a life long advocate for women's and civil rights.