For the past forty years, Czechs have lived in a culturally and racially homogeneous environment, which resulted in latent racism in most Czechs. 45% of the population would prefer that the Gypsies left. Czech racism is not philosophical, meaning they do not believe that other races or nations are inherently better, but due to a lack of exposure there is a high level of xenophobia (fear of the unknown), sometimes leading to racial violence.
The Czech Republic (Czech: Česká republika) is a land locked country in Central Europe. The country borders Poland to the north, Germany to the northwest and west, Austria to the south, and Slovakia to the east. Historical Prague (Czech: Praha), a major tourist attraction, is the capital and its largest city.
The Slovak Republic came into its own in 1993 when it peacefully separated from the Czech Republic. Throughout history Slovakia has been generally dominated by stronger political entities, however it has its own strong culture and national identity. Controlled in turn by the Hungarians, then the Ottoman Turks and most recently a part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Slovakians fostered their national identity and began to politically ally with neighboring peoples.