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    Costume designed by Alexandra Byrne for Cate Blanchett in Elizabeth.

    Conwy Castle, Wales

    Great Seal of King Richard III of England (1483-1485)

    Victorian engraving of Queen Jane Seymour, who was said to be "the fairest of all the King’s wives" (Sir John Russell).

    English Mastiff dogs were most often used in bear baiting.

    Bear-baiting was popular in England until the 19th century. From the 16th, many bears were maintained for baiting. In its...

    Sir John Harington KCB (also spelled Harrington) (4 August 1561 – 20 November 1612), of Kelston, was a courtier, author and master of art, p...

    The groat is the traditional name of a long-defunct English silver coin worth four English pence, and also a Scottish coin originally worth ...

    Thatched_cottage. The poor lived in cottages housing as many as they could fit. Dirt floor, straw mattress, no light, no candles. There would be a fire in the center of the house and a hole in the roof to let smoke out, but it was always smoky inside. It was always dark and people stayed outside as much as possible.

    moor is a type of habitat found in upland areas in the temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands biomes, characterised by low-growing vegetation on acidic soils. Moorland nowadays generally means uncultivated hill land (such as Dartmoor in South West England), but the Old English mōr also refers to low-lying wetlands (such as Sedgemoor, also SW England). It is closely related to heath although experts disagree on precisely what distinguishes the types of vegetation.

    Statue of Thomas Wolsey, Lord Chancellor and Alter Rex, Ipswich

    John Fisher, Bishop of Rochester (c.1469-1535) "I reckon in this realm no one man, in wisdom, learning, and long approved virtue together, meet to be matched and compared with him." —Thomas More on Fisher His refusal to acknowledge King Henry VIII. as supreme head of the church was the ground of his trial, and he was beheaded on Tower Hill on the 22nd of June 1535.

    ELIZABETH CURLE (c.1560-May 29, 1620)Elizabeth Curle was the sister of Gilbert Curle, secretary to Mary Queen of Scots during her imprisonment in England. Elizabeth was also a member of that household and was with Mary on the scaffold at her execution. Mary left her 2000 francs. After the execution, Mary's ladies were held at Fotheringay until July 30, when they were taken to Peterborough Cathedral for Mary's funeral. It was September before they were allowed to leave England.

    1589 Lady Elizabeth Walshe by ? (York Museum - York UK) "Elizabeth Stoner was a lady-in-waiting to each of Henry VIII of England's six wives, and was the 'Mother of the Maids', with responsibility for the conduct of the young maids-of-honour. She was the wife of the King's Sergeant-at-Arms, William Stoner. She is remembered as one of the gaolers of Anne Boleyn, Henry VIII's second wife.

    EXCERPT: SIR CHRISTOPHER HATTON, Lord Chancellor of England and favourite of Queen Elizabeth, was a son of William Hatton (d.1546) of Holdenby, Northamptonshire, and was educated at St Mary Hall, Oxford. A handsome and accomplished man, being especially distinguished for his elegant dancing, he soon attracted the notice of Queen Elizabeth, became one of her gentlemen pensioners in 1564, and captain of her bodyguard in 1572. Elizabeth nicknamed him her 'lyddes'.

    Henry Viii's Court Jester Will Somers(, cocked hat, false chain and fur top. This showing how much status he had) Will actually lived to 1560 a grand old age and was inherited to Edward, Mary and Elizabeth’s court. He finally worked with her favorite jester, Jane the fool.

    Robert Devereux, son of Lettice Knollys and Walter Devereux, 1st Earl of Essex, step-son of Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester. Though a military hero, and favorite of Elizabeth I, he failed in his campaign against Irish rebels during what is known as the Nine Years' War in 1599. Robert mounted a coup d'état against the queen. Found guilty of treason and, on 25 February 1601, was beheaded on Tower Green, the last person to be beheaded in the Tower of London.

    A portrait miniature of Mary Dudley, Lady Sidney by Leevina Teerlinc. Mary was the sister of Queen Elizabeth's dearest friend and companion, Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester. Mary also enjoyed a close relationship with the Queen, even nursing her through her illness with smallpox. She was scarred as a result, and left court, but the Queen, full of gratitude, provided her with a pension.

    blessed-margaret-pole - Martyr of England.She was born Margaret Plantagenet,the niece of Edward IV and Rich­ard III.She married Sir Reginald Pole about 1491 and bore five sons, including Reginald Cardinal Pole. Margaret was widowed,named countess of Salisbury,and appointed governess to Princess Mary,daughter of Henry VIII/Queen Catherine of Aragon, Spain.She opposed Henry’s mar­riage to Anne Boleyn,and the king exiled her from court,although he had called her “the holiest woman in England.”

    Joan Champernonne, Daughter of Sir Philip Champernonne of Modbury, Devon, and Widow of Sir Anthony Denny. Joan was considered to be both beautiful and intelligent, and a member of the burgeoning Protestant faction at court, despite her husband's pro-Catholic inclinations. A lady-in-waiting at the court of Henry VIII. she became a close friend to his sixth wife, Catherine Parr.

    Sir Francis Weston; rumored to be George Boleyn's lover and was beheaded alongside George a few days before Anne's execution.

    Thomas Stanley, 1st Earl of Derby, stepfather to Henry VII and godfather (it is said as the stand-in for the late arrival of the Earl of Oxford) to Arthur Tudor.

    Abd el-Ouahed ben Messaoud ben Mohammed Anoun, Moorish ambassador of the Barbary States to the Court of Queen Elizabeth I. in 1600. Trade and diplomatic relations developed between England and the Barbary states during the rule of Elizabeth.

    Elizabeth Amadas (died 1532) was a lady at the royal court of King Henry VIII of England who was accused of treason. She had described Anne Boleyn as a harlot, and said that she should be burnt. She also said that the King, by setting aside Katherine of Aragon for a younger woman, was encouraging the men of England to do the same. She later was released but didn´t recover her position at court. She was also the target of the Kings relentless advances, but never stated if she gave in.