"Citizens Singing the Hymn of the Marseillais." Joseph Rouget de Lisle composed in April 1792 “War Song for the Army of the Rhine.” Later, when the volunteers of Montpellier and Marseille marched north to Paris in July 1792, they sang the song at each stage of their journey and at the arrival in Paris. From then, the song became the victory song of French soldiers and was declared the national anthem on 14 July 1795. This water color poster shows patriotic Parisian working men ...
Maximilien Robespierre was appointed to the Committee of Public Safety on July 26, 1793, thus beginning his reign of terror. The role of the Committee of Public Safety included the governance of war, the appointing of judges and juries for the Revolutionary Tribunal, the provisioning of the armies and the public, the maintenance of public order, and oversight of the state bureaucracy.
In the French Revolution, the sans-culottes "(without culottes)," were radical left-wing partisans of the lower classes; typically urban laborers, which dominated France. Though ill-clad and ill-equipped, they made up the bulk of the Revolutionary army during the early years of the French Revolution. The appellation refers to the fashionable culottes (silk knee-breeches) of the moderate bourgeois revolutionaries, as distinguished from the working class who traditionally wore trousers.
Louis XVI, King of the French, 1792. The 1775 engraving, a typical portrait of the king at the time, was reworked in 1792 to record the king's donning of the Pyrigian cap during the invasion of the Tuilleries Palace by Parisian sans-culottes in July 1792.