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František Kupka (September 23, 1871 – June 24, 1957), (also known as Frank Kupka or François Kupka), was a Czech painter and graphic artist. He was a pioneer and co-founder of the early phases of the abstract art movement and Orphic cubism (Orphism). Kupka's abstract works arose from a base of realism, but later evolved into pure abstract art.
Black Accompaniment (1924) Vassily Kandinsky was an influential Russian painter and art theorist. He is credited with painting the first purely abstract works. He taught at the Bauhaus school of art and architecture from 1922 until the Nazis closed it in 1933. Geometrical elements took on increasing importance in both his teaching and painting—particularly the circle, half-circle, the angle, straight lines and curves. This period was intensely productive.