Gaius Julius Caesar (July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC) was a Roman general and statesman and a distinguished writer of Latin prose. He played a critical role in the gradual transformation of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire. The National, History, Romans Republic, Ancient Rome, Ancient Romans, Juliuscaesar, Julius Caesar, Romans Empire, Romans General
Julius Caesar most notable for his victory and tyranny against the Gauls at the Siege of Alesia and his raid against the Germanic tribes and finally the civil war which would bring about the collapse of the Roman Republic and make him Rome's 1st Emperor.
Italian (Florentine) marble sculpture of Julius Caesar, ca.1512-14, by Andrea di Pietro di Marco Ferrucci (1465–1526). H: 27" (68.6 cm)
NICOMEDES IV OF BITHYNIA was king of a region now in Turkey from c. 94 BC to 74 BC, during which he had an affair with Julius Caesar. Seutonius writes of Caesar, "There was no stain on his reputation for chastity except his intimacy with King Nicomedes, but that was a deep & lasting reproach, which laid him open to insults from every quarter. I say nothing of the notorious lines of Licinius Calvus: Whate'er Bithynia had, & Caesar's paramour. I pass over, too, the invectives of Dolabella."
Emperor Gaius Julius Caesar Germanicus, known as Caligula, 37–41; Julio-Claudian Roman Marble Source: Emperor Gaius Julius Caesar Germanicus, known as Caligula, The [Roman] (14.37) | Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art