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    January 10, 49 BC – Julius Caesar crosses the Rubicon, signaling the start of civil war. The war ended Rome's republican era with Caesar being named "perpetual dictator."

    Ancient Rome. Julius Caesar

    Caesarion - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    Giulio Cesare per unità elementare

    Julius Caesar

    Julius Caesar

    Julius Caesar

    Cato the Younger - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    Julius Caesar

    Julius Caesar.

    Julius Caesar

    Gaius Julius Caesar (100-44 BC). Beware the Ides of March! The last and greatest of the Roman Dictators. He was named "dictator in perpetuity", or in his case, 'dictator for the remaining two months of his life'.

    Nero - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    Storage Jar with a female figure, Roman from Campania, 50-1 BC, Getty Villa, Malibu, Dec. 2012

    Emperor Gaius Julius Caesar Germanicus, known as Caligula, 37–41; Julio-Claudian Roman Marble Source: Emperor Gaius Julius Caesar Germanicus, known as Caligula, The [Roman] (14.37) | Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art

    NICOMEDES IV OF BITHYNIA was king of a region now in Turkey from c. 94 BC to 74 BC, during which he had an affair with Julius Caesar. Seutonius writes of Caesar, "There was no stain on his reputation for chastity except his intimacy with King Nicomedes, but that was a deep & lasting reproach, which laid him open to insults from every quarter. I say nothing of the notorious lines of Licinius Calvus: Whate'er Bithynia had, & Caesar's paramour. I pass over, too, the invectives of Dolabella."

    MAMURRA (arch named after him pictured) was a Roman military officer who served under Julius Caesar, according to Valerius Catullus in more ways than one. Among the engineering feats achieved by Caesar's army during the time when Mamurra served him were the rapid construction of a bridge over the Rhine in 55 BC, a new kind of ship for the second expedition to Britain in 54 BC, & the double surrounding of Alesia in Gaul in 52 BC. Seutonius will later write that, "Valerius Catullus, as Caesar himself did not hesitate to say, inflicted a lasting stain on his name by the [sexual] verses about Mamurra; yet when he apologized, Caesar invited the poet to dinner that very same day, & continued his usual friendly relations with Catullus' father."

    Head of Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Octavius, first Roman Emperor | Flickr - Photo Sharing. Photographed at the Capitoline Museum, Rome, Italy.

    Emperors of the Roman Empire - Ancient Rome for Kids

    The Roman Senate was a political institution in ancient Rome. It was one of the most enduring institutions in Roman history, being founded in the first days of the city (traditionally founded in 753 BC). It survived the overthrow of the kings in 509 BC, the fall of the Roman Republic in the 1st century BC, the split of the Roman Empire in 395 AD, the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 410 AD, and barbarian rule of Rome in the 5th, 6th, and 7th centuries. The Senate of the West Roman Empire cont

    December 7, 43 BC – Roman politican and orator Marcus Tullius Cicero is assassinated. Following Julius Caesar's death Cicero became an enemy of Mark Antony in the ensuing power struggle, attacking him in a series of speeches. He was proscribed as an enemy of the state by the Second Triumvirate and subsequently murdered in 43 BC.