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    January 10, 49 BC – Julius Caesar crosses the Rubicon, signaling the start of civil war. The war ended Rome's republican era with Caesar being named "perpetual dictator."

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    • Ashley Cassidy

      Gaius Julius Caesar[2] (Classical Latin: [ˈɡaː.i.ʊs ˈjuː.lɪ.ʊs ˈkaj.sar],[3] July 100 BC[4] – 15 March 44 BC)[5] was a Roman general, statesman, Consul and notable author of Latin prose. He played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire. (15 March) 44 BC, Caesar was assassinated by a group of senators led by Marcus Junius Brutus.

    • Felicity Eastwood

      lionofchaeronea: A (heavily restored) bust of Julius Caesar (100-44 BCE). Now in the National Archaeological Museum, Naples.Happy (official) birthday, Gaius Julius Caesar!

    • Amanda Rutherford

      Bust of Julius Caesar; whose appointment as dictator of the Roman Empire signified the end of the Republic.

    • K E

      Gaius Julius Caesar, July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC) was a Roman general and statesman and a distinguished writer of Latin prose. He played a critical role in the gradual transformation of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire.

    • Krassen Gueorguiev

      Bust of Gaius Julius Caesar. Roman dictator for life and he was assassinated by a group of senators in 44BC.

    • Winston Akins

      Gaius Julius Caesar was a Roman general, Consul, and eventual dictator-for-life of the Roman Republic. He is often considered one of the greatest military leaders in history, and was assassinated by his senators in 44 BC.

    • Seph G

      Bust of Gaius Julius Caesar in the National Archaeological Museum of Naples. Taken by Andreas Wahra in March 1997. • The Julian calendar was a reform of the Roman calendar introduced by Julius Caesar in 46 BC (708 AUC). It took effect in 45 BC (709 AUC). It was the predominant calendar in most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was superseded by the Gregorian calendar.

    • Skeptical Scrutiny

      Gaius Julius Caesar, was a Roman statesman, general and notable author of Latin prose. He played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire. In 60 BC, Caesar, Crassus, and Pompey formed a political alliance that was to dominate Roman politics for several years. Caesar's victories in the Gallic Wars, completed by 51 BC. Caesar is considered by many to be one of the greatest military commanders in history.

    • Khadijah Fyffe

      Bust of Gaius Iulius Caesar in Naples - Ancient Rome - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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    NICOMEDES IV OF BITHYNIA was king of a region now in Turkey from c. 94 BC to 74 BC, during which he had an affair with Julius Caesar. Seutonius writes of Caesar, "There was no stain on his reputation for chastity except his intimacy with King Nicomedes, but that was a deep & lasting reproach, which laid him open to insults from every quarter. I say nothing of the notorious lines of Licinius Calvus: Whate'er Bithynia had, & Caesar's paramour. I pass over, too, the invectives of Dolabella."

    The Roman Senate was a political institution in ancient Rome. It was one of the most enduring institutions in Roman history, being founded in the first days of the city (traditionally founded in 753 BC). It survived the overthrow of the kings in 509 BC, the fall of the Roman Republic in the 1st century BC, the split of the Roman Empire in 395 AD, the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 410 AD, and barbarian rule of Rome in the 5th, 6th, and 7th centuries. The Senate of the West Roman Empire cont

    Emperor Gaius Julius Caesar Germanicus, known as Caligula, 37–41; Julio-Claudian Roman Marble Source: Emperor Gaius Julius Caesar Germanicus, known as Caligula, The [Roman] (14.37) | Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art

    MAMURRA (arch named after him pictured) was a Roman military officer who served under Julius Caesar, according to Valerius Catullus in more ways than one. Among the engineering feats achieved by Caesar's army during the time when Mamurra served him were the rapid construction of a bridge over the Rhine in 55 BC, a new kind of ship for the second expedition to Britain in 54 BC, & the double surrounding of Alesia in Gaul in 52 BC. Seutonius will later write that, "Valerius Catullus, as Caesar himself did not hesitate to say, inflicted a lasting stain on his name by the [sexual] verses about Mamurra; yet when he apologized, Caesar invited the poet to dinner that very same day, & continued his usual friendly relations with Catullus' father."

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    December 7, 43 BC – Roman politican and orator Marcus Tullius Cicero is assassinated. Following Julius Caesar's death Cicero became an enemy of Mark Antony in the ensuing power struggle, attacking him in a series of speeches. He was proscribed as an enemy of the state by the Second Triumvirate and subsequently murdered in 43 BC.

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    Areas of control in 43BC, during war between the 2nd Triumvirate loyal to murdered dictator Julius Caesar vs. republican opposition. Brown is controlled by the ineffectual Triumvir Lepidus. Green is controlled by Caesar's former second-in-command Mark Antony. Purple is controlled by Caesar's great nephew Octavian. The three Triumvirs share orange Italy. Sextus Pompey, heir of Caesar's old enemy, controls blue Sicily, & the allied republicans control red. Yellow & pink are satellite kingdoms.

    February 11, 55 AD – Tiberius Claudius Caesar Britannicus, the thirteen-year-old heir to the Roman Emperorship, dies under mysterious circumstances in Rome. This clears the way for his step-brother Nero to become Emperor.