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Dr. Franz Alfred Six (12 August 1909 in Mannheim - 9 July 1975 in Bolzano) was a Nazi official who rose to the rank of SS-Brigadeführer. He was appointed by Reinhard Heydrich to head department Amt VII, Written Records of the Reichssicherheitshauptamt (RSHA). In 1940, he was appointed to direct state police operations in an occupied Great Britain following invasion.

Johann Baptist Albin Rauter (Feb 4, 1895 – March 25, 1949) was a high-ranking Austrian (from 1939, German) Nazi war criminal. He was the highest SS and Police Leader in the Netherlands and the leading security and police officer during the period of 1940-1945. He reported directly to the Nazi SS-chief, Himmler, and in the second instance to the Nazi governor of the Netherlands, Arthur Seyss-Inquart. He was convicted in the Netherlands of crimes against humanity and executed by firing squad.

Wilhelm Hosenfeld (2 May 1895 – 13 August 1952), was a German Army officer who rose to the rank of Hauptmann by the end of the war. He helped to hide or rescue several Poles, including Jews, in Nazi-occupied Poland, and is perhaps most remembered for helping Polish-Jewish pianist and composer Władysław Szpilman to survive, hidden, in the ruins of Warsaw during the last months of 1944. He died in Soviet captivity on 13 August 1952, from injury possibly sustained during torture.

Karl Herman Frank hanging from the neck in Prague, 1946, for his role in organizing the massacres of the people of the Czech villages of Lidice and Ležáky. He was the Higher SS and Police Leader and Secretary of State of the Reich Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.

John R. Mott Though perhaps less well known today than the others on our list, Mott was an influential evangelist and longtime YMCA official, who shared the Nobel Peace Prize in 1946. He and a colleague were supposedly offered free passage on the Titanic by a White Star Line official interested in their work but declined and instead took the more humble liner Lapland. According to a biography by C. Howard Hopkins, when they reached New York and heard about the disaster, “It is said that the…

Auschwitz. Family of Slovak Jewess Lili Jacob (her aunt Tauba with her four children) awaiting Selection at the ramp in Birkenau. During the selection all were send to gas chambers. The transport from the ghetto in Beregszasz in Hungary left on May 17, 1944 and arrived on May 27, 1945. (Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum Archives)

Quick Take - As It Happensfrom Quick Take - As It Happens

In the dying days of the Raj …

The body of Glyndwr Michael, a Welsh vagrant, who was made into a fictitious Major William Martin in Operation Mincemeat- a successful British deception plan during World WarII. As part of the widespread deception plan Operation Barclay to cover the intended invasion of Italy from N Africa, Mincemeat helped to convince the German high command that the Allies planned to invade Greece and Sardinia in 1943 instead of Sicily, the actual objective.

Ludwig Maximilian Erwin von Scheubner-Richter or Max Scheubner-Richter, born Ludwig Maximilian Erwin Richter (21 January 1884 – 9 November 1923) was an early member of the Nazi party. It was Scheubner-Richter along with Alfred Rosenberg who devised the plan to drive the German government to revolution through the Beer Hall Putsch. During the Putsch, he had been shot in the lungs and died instantly at the same time dislocated Hitler's right shoulder.

Mussolini signs the Lateran Pact of 1929, which brought into being the Vatican City State.

Arnost Lustig: Survivor of three Nazi concentration camps who became an award-winning author and academic

The arrival of a boat carrying from Europe reunites a mother and son who had been separated throughout the war. By Henri-Cartier Bresson, 1946.

These are Buchenwald concentration camp guards who received a beating from the prisoners when the camp was liberated by the Americans. The picture was taken in April 1945, by the U.S. military photographer Elizabeth Miller.

A closeup of a photo taken at Abraham Lincoln's second Inauguration (March 4, 1865). Amongst the on-lookers was John Wilkes Booth, the man who would kill Lincoln just over one month later. Each man is circled.

Robert Mulka, second in command of Auschwitz and assistant of Rudolf Höß on a police photograph from the Hamburg police after his arrest in 1962.

Rose Valland from the Monuments Men, a member of the French resistance, and art historian. She was able to keep a record of where each piece of art was routed.

Elizabeth Cady Stanton - instrumental in helping pass a law allowing women to own their own property (passed in New York in 1848)