The Nene evolved from the Canada Goose (Branta canadensis), which most likely migrated to the Hawaiian islands 500,000 years ago, shortly after the island of Hawaiʻi was formed. —- birdbit: The Hawaiian Goose (also known as the Nene) used to be critically endangered, with estimated wild populations between 3 and 10. Now there are between 3,000 and 4,000, both in captivity and in the wild. Also, they are what you find at the ends of rainbows.
Nene and goslings at James Campbell NWR. Photo credit: USFWS For the first time since the 1700s, a pair of the endangered Hawaiian geese have nested and successfully hatched three goslings at the James Campbell National Wildlife Refuge near Kahuku, Oahu.