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Vivien T. Thomas. In 1944, Hopkins' surgery chief, Alfred Blalock, successfully operated on the heart of a 9-pound child, a "blue baby." Medical experts believed cardiac surgery was impossible. As Blalock prepared to make his historic incision, he looked around the operating room and asked, "Where's Vivien?" Blalock would not begin until Thomas, stationed on a stool behind his right shoulder, was there to guide Blalock through procedures. Prejudice long kept Thomas' crucial role…

all the President's colleges...and some who never graduated from or even went to college... Happy President's Day

Harriet Tubman, slave, abolitionist, spy. Born into slavery, she was beaten, 'hired out' and suffered seizures from being hit by a heavy weight. After escaping, she later made ~19 trips to rescue a total of over 300 slaves, sometimes using the Underground Railroad. Called 'Black Moses', she carried a gun and threatened to shoot any slave who would turn back. She was a Union spy during the Civil War and struggled for women's suffrage.

Sybil Ludington, is considered to be the female equivalent of Paul Revere. At only 16 years old, she made a journey twice as long as Revere’s. Her father, Col. Ludington was the leader of the local militia. In April of 1777, Col. Ludington sent Sybil to warn the militia members in several other towns to prepare for the impending attack by the British. Sybil traveled 40 miles on horseback on a stormy night. Sybil was thanked for her help by George Washington who came to her home personally.


The 75 Greatest Women of All Time

Eleanor Roosevelt

Elizabeth Blackwell was rejected by 19+ medical schools but was finally accepted by Geneva Medical College in NY. She graduated on January 23, 1849 to become the first female doctor in U.S. history.

Babblefrom Babble

10 Female American Heroes Your Daughter Should Know About

Eleanor Roosevelt took advantage of her role as First Lady and spoke out about children's and women's rights, as well as human rights. Instead of staying in the back, she held press conferences where she was a voice for racial discrimination and the poor. She is now considered one of the first public officials to publicize important issues through the mass media.

Fine Art Americafrom Fine Art America

Mary Todd Lincoln 1818-1882, Wife Canvas Print / Canvas Art by Everett

Mary Todd Lincoln (1818-1882), wife of President Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865)

Four presidents (one sitting, one future, and two former), pay their respects at Eleanor Roosevelt's funeral. Hyde Park, NY - November 10, 1962.

Interesting pic--James Buchanan on the far left, Sarah and James K. Polk in the center, and Dolly Madison is the blurred lady on the right

Alice Roosevelt - 1902 Theodore Roosevelt’s beautiful eldest daughter, who not only cut her wedding cake with a sword, defied all the conventions of her day regarding women and carried a dagger in her pocketbook, but who also had a pillow embroidered with her most famous quote on her couch; “If you haven’t got anything good to say about anybody, come sit next to me.”

First Lady Frances Cleveland with daughter Esther, who in 1893 became the only baby ever to be born inside the White House.