Richard I (1189-1199) ~ The third of King Henry II's legitimate sons, Richard was never expected to accede to the throne. He was, however, the favorite son of his mother, Eleanor of Aquitane. When his parents separated, he remained in Eleanor's care, and was invested with her duchy of Aquitane in 1168, and of Poitiers in 1172.
Upon Henry II death, Eleanor was liberated from prison. Her favorite son, Richard became King in 1189. When he left on Crusade, Eleanor ruled effectively in his stead, negotiated his marriage delivered his bride to him. When Richard was captured by Leopold of Austria, Eleanor had to make the unpopular decision to heavily tax England to pay her son's ransom. Eleanor outlived all but 2 of her kids, dying in her 80's in Aquitaine in 1204. She is buried at Fontevraud Abbey next to Henry…
Henry II had Eleanor imprisoned for the next 16 years. In 1189, Henry died and Eleanor of Aquitaine's favorite son, Richard the Lionheart, became king (his older brother Henry had already died). Richard soon went away on the Third Crusade, leaving his mother as regent of England. Eleanor survived Richard and lived long into the reign of her youngest son, King John. Like his brother, King John respected his mother and heeded her advice so that even at the age of 77,
Richard I was King of England from 6 July 1189 until his death. He was the third of five sons of King Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine. He was known as Richard Cœur de Lion, or mainly Richard the Lionheart, even before his accession, because of his reputation as a great military leader and warrior.
Eleanor of England (1162 – 1214) was Queen of Castile and Toledo as wife of Alfonso VIII of Castile. She was a daughter of King Henry II of England and his wife, Eleanor of Aquitaine. Eleanor inherited her mother's political influence. She was almost as powerful as her husband, who specified in his will that she was to rule alongside their son in the event of his death.
Eleanor of Aquitaine inherited her father's lands in 1137, and married Louis VII of France that same year; their marriage was annulled in 1152. She then married Henry II of England, bearing him eight surviving children, including sons Richard (the Lion-Hearted) and John, who would both become king. Eleanor promoted courtly culture, and was a savvy military adviser to her sons.
Eleanor of Aquitaine (c.1122-1204) bore Henry II of England 3 daughters & 5 sons. In addition to being Queen Consort, Eleanor regained her position as Duchess of Aquitaine & ruled her home state independently; she was an excellent ruler & she was much beloved by her people. Eleanor & Henry (pictured here) were a match politically & romantically, although sometimes Henry's eye wandered. But his brief affairs were never a threat to Eleanor until he became infatuated with Rosamund Clifford.
Margaret of France (French: Marguerite de France or Marguerite de Valois, 1553 – 1615) was Queen of France and of Navarre during the late sixteenth century. A royal princess of France by birth, she was the last of the House of Valois.,Daughter of King Henry II of France and Catherine de' Medici sister of Kings Francis II, Charles IX and Henry III and of Queen Elizabeth of Spain. Queen of 2 countries, for she had married King Henry III of Navarre who became King Henry IV of France.