The Ebstorf map of the world, 1234. An elaborated version of the common medieval tripartite, or T and O, map, centered on Jerusalem with east at top. The head of Christ was depicted at the top of the map, with his hands on either side and his feet at the bottom. Rome is represented in the shape of a lion. The original was destroyed in 1943, during the bombing of Hanover in World War II.
This ancient Chinese map of planet Earth's northern sky is part of the Dunhuang Star Atlas, one of the most impressive documents in the history of astronomy. The oldest complete star atlas known, it dates to the years 649 to 684. In this example showing the north polar region, a very recognizable Big Dipper, part of the modern constellation Ursa Major, lies along the bottom of the chart.
Rare 400-year-old Map Shows China as the Centre of the World It was made in 1602 by Italian priest Matteo Ricci, who visited China in the 1500s and taught the Chinese about the existence of “the Americas.” The emperor asked him to make a map. The result is an enormous map, on five-foot-tall panels of rice paper, with China at the center. It’s the first map in Chinese to show the land we now call North and South America.