More to explore:
Niwaki 'garden trees'
Japanese Magnolia ...
Niwaki. Really need to look up this technique.
Niwaki - This is Jake Hobson's web site, one of the best for information on the Niwaki tree puring and training systems - www.jakehobson.com/
Model landschap: giant niwaki...
original authentic japanese pruning niwaki clouds pruning clouds tree
Japanese gardeners have fine-tuned a distinctive set of pruning techniques meant to coax out the essential characters of their garden trees, or niwaki.