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The praxinoscope was an animation device, the successor to the zoetrope. It was invented in France in 1877 by Charles-Émile Reynaud.

Advertisement highlighting the bronze medal that the praxinoscope theatre received at the 1878 Exposition Universal in Paris. The praxinoscope theatre was invented by Charles-Emile Reynaud. It was an improvement on his earlier device as it hid the mechanics of operation. It became part of a suite of popular philosophical or optical toys created in the 19th century. Like the praxinoscope theatre, most attempted to create the illusion of movement using a series of static images.

If you enjoyed John Edmark's trippy 3D-printed zoetrope sculptures last week, you might also enjoy some of his kinetic sculptures that rely on excruciatingly precise laser-cut wood and internal mechanisms to create optical illusions and other unexpected behaviors. Edmark describes these