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African American Inventor John Standard patented an improved refrigerator design standard (a non-electrical and unpowered design, refrigerator using a manually-filled ice chamber for chilling) on June 14 1891 (U.S. patent #455,891).

Hope you guys know this man. Woodson is cited as the founder of Black History Month. He was an African-American historian, author, journalist and the founder of the Association for the Study of African American Life and History. In 1912, he became the second African-American to earn a Ph.D at Harvard University.

Though Thomas Edison is recognized as the inventor of the light bulb, African-American inventor Lewis Latimer played an important role in its development. In 1881, Latimer patented a method for making carbon filaments, allowing light bulbs to burn for hours instead of minutes. Latimer also drafted the drawings that helped Alexander Graham Bell receive a patent for the telephone.

Jim Beckwourth was an African American who played a major role in the early exploration and settlement of the American West. Although there were people of many races and nationalities on the frontier, Beckwourth was the only African American who recorded his life story, and his adventures took him from the everglades of Florida to the Pacific Ocean and from southern Canada to northern Mexico.

Dr. Patricia Era Bath is an African American and Native American ophthalmologist, inventor of the Laserphaco Probe. Bath is the first African American woman doctor to receive a patent for a medical purpose. Her Laserphaco Probe is used to treat cataracts.

African American settlers in Oklahoma. Believe me,they are very prosperous for those days (white or black).She has a beautiful dress, he has a suit and the children are very well dressed.If you check out other pioneer pictures you will see by comparison, how well to do they are. Biddy Craft

Gordon Parks was the first African American photographer for LIFE magazine. A visual artist who captured the trials and joys of African Americans…He was the FIRST major African American director and is responsible for the ‘Learning Tree’ the blaxploitation film ‘Shaft’…

Nathan Francis Mossell (1856-1946) was an African American doctor who helped establish the first black hospital in Philadelphia.

Meet Homer Harris. In 1937, after becoming the first African American to captain a Big Ten Conference football team and being denied access to the NFL because it wasn't integrated yet, Harris turned to coaching and then became a prominent northwest doctor. Learn more about this remarkable Seattleite on BlackPast.org

Osborne Anderson was the only African American to Survive, among the five Black Men that accompanied John Brown on the raid on Harpers Ferry! In 1861 Anderson wrote A Voice From Harper’s Ferry. He believed that southern accounts were biased, he felt compelled to give an account of the event from the raiders’ perspective. Click & Listen to performance- Dr. David Anderson is Shields Green! WWW.BlackHistoryBlog.com On iTunes www.AfricanAmericanHistoryClass.com ---------------

In 1897, African-American inventor Alfred Cralle patented the first ice cream scoop. His original design remains in wide use, even today.

Jesse Russell is an African American inventor whose innovative perspectives profoundly influenced the wireless communication industry. He’s know for his patented invention of the Digital Cellular Base station that enabled new digital services for cellular users. As a top honor student at Tennessee State University’s School of Engineering , he became the first African American to be hired directly from an HBCU, historically black college and university.

An improved refrigerator design was patented by African American inventor John Standard of Newark, New Jersey on June 14 1891 (U.S. patent #455,891). John Standard was also received U.S. patent #413,689 on October 29 1889 for an improved oil stove

Anthony Bowen, who purchased his own freedom from slavery in Maryland, founded the first YMCA chapter for African Americans in 1853. This was one of the first organizations for African Americans. Bowen was an abolitionist and advised President Lincoln to enlist African American troops to fight in the civil war. He was also the first African American to work in the US Patent Office.

Mary Mahoney Known for her amazing achievements as not only a nurse, but an African American during her time, as she would become the first registered African American nurse.

Always a can in what others say you cannot> William "Bill" J. Powell was an American businessman, entrepreneur, & pioneering golf course owner who designed the Clearview Golf Club in East Canton, OH, the first integrated golf course, as well as the first to cater to African American golfers. He was also the first African American to design, construct and own a professional golf course in the United States.