This LIFE photo essay introduced Americans to South Africa's devastating system of segregation.
History, Margaret Bourke Whit, Apartheid, Mason, South Africa, 1950 02, Life Photos, Black, Africa 1950
24 Bourke White No Caption Pass Protest South Africa 1950 02
John Edwin Mason: Documentary, Motorsports, Photo History: August 2012
See the Photos That Gave Americans Their First Glimpse of Apartheid in 1950
Charles Eames was born on this day in 1907. See more photos:
Famous Boys, Life Magazines, Charles Eames, Whitney Boards
What a family with two working parents looked like in 1956.
Mothers Shops, Interesting People, Life Magazines, 1956, Super Marketing, Press Photos, Children, Work Mothers, 50S
Little Leaguers (including their formidable leader, Dick Williams, center), await missing parts of their uniforms, Manchester, N.H., 1954.
Seven decades ago, Jackie Robinson stepped onto Brooklyn's Ebbets Field and changed not only the face of professional baseball in America: in ways subtle and profound, he changed the nation itself.
Face, America Http Ti Me 1I9Xq8G, Baseball, Brooklyn Ebbet, Black History, Robinson, Ebbed Fields, Historical Pictures Abandoned, American Icons
Vladimir Nabokov and his wife Vera chase butterflies near Six Mile Creek, Ithaca, N.Y., 1958.
Literary Figures, Random Famous, Famous People, Chase Butterflies, Interesting Literary, Wife Chase, Wife Vera, Vera Chase
Vladimir Nabokov and his wife chase butterflies in Ithaca, N.Y. in 1958
The Prisonaires were actual prisoners, all of them doing hard time for serious offenses.
The former Barbara Ledermann, now Mrs. Martin Rodbell, debating whether to see The Diary of Anne Frank movie while outside the theater in 1959.
Friend Photos, Frank Movie
Photos from summer camps for grownups in the late 1950s: art colonies and workshops where college students and full-blown adults honed their artistic chops in the great outdoors.
College Students, Late 1950S, Colleges Students, The Great Outdoors, Photo
In 1950, 21-year-old Peggy Cross would have been referred to as a "bachelor girl," as the term bachelorette hadn’t yet taken off.
Fabulous 50S, Bridal Shower Photos
9-week-old Julie Sheldon, cruises underwater next to her grandmother, Mrs. Jen Loven, a children's swimming instructor in 1954 Los Angeles.
Swim Lessons, Youngest Swimmers, Angel 1954, Los Angeles, July Sheldon, Swim Underwater, Baby, Edward Clarks, Photo
Edward Clark - Los Angeles 1954 baby apnea. what a great photo!!
World’s Youngest Swimmer Julie Sheldon, 9 Weeks Old, Swimming Underwater. by Ed Clark -- Love the perspective! Must remember when I have kids!!!!
Photo by Edward Clark - Los Angeles 1954. World’s youngest swimmer, nine-week-old Julie Sheldon. -Swim lessons with Lu
Photos of the town in the mid-1950s -- when the high-stakes mecca was in the midst of a building boom that would redefine it forever.
Caption from LIFE: "His designs specialize in separates like the three tops, three skirts which can be used interchangeably to make nine outfits."
How one overcrowded, dangerous prison attempted to clean up its act.
History Th Odd, Life Magazines, History Lessons, Press Photos, Danger Prison, Hidden Knowledge, History Culture, Prison Attempt, Global Issues
LIFE looks back at the young Givenchy during the early days of the great designer's storied label.
1950S Dresses, Vintage Photographers, Nostalg Photos
Photos from 1956 illustrate the powerful, positive effect that being around animals can have on sick children.
Help Kids, Classic Photos
Gordon Parks' pictures of showgirls matter simply because they're beautiful -- and because they offer, as LIFE magazine noted, "living, breathing proof of the poet's point that beauty is its own excuse for being."
Color, Life Magazine, Photo, 50S
Between 1954 and 1955, the polio vaccine transitioned from a trial of 1.8 million to a regular feature of life for households across America.
Health Issues, Trials Relievers, Regular Features, Vaccination Trials, Funky Vintage, Vaccination Transitional, Classroom Ideas, Polio Vaccination, Worry National
As Western influence took hold in Japan, dating and mating were no exception—and LIFE captured the country during a moment of change.
See photos of love and courtship in 1950s Japan http://ti.me/1F91qct
Pictures from a spring day in 1955, when photographer Ralph Morse raced around New Jersey in search of the late, great Albert Einstein.
Ciência Inspiradora, Interesting People, Fabulous 50S, Morse Racing, History Buff, Photographers Ralph, Albert Einstein, Equality Mc2, Global Issues
Pictures from the day Marilyn Monroe announced she was seeking a divorce from Joe DiMaggio on grounds of "mental cruelty."