February 27 1973 The American Indian Movement occupies Wounded Knee, South Dakota. Leaders Russell Means (Oglala Sioux) and Carter Camp (Ponca), with 200 activists and the Lakota (Sioux) of the Pine Ridge Reservation occupied the town for 71 days to protest government failures to honor treaties with Native Americans. Many supporters joined the protest. There was public sympathy for the occupation, as Americans were becoming more aware of injustice related to American Indians.
Red Shirt (Ógle Lúta c. 1845 – 1925) was an Oglala Sioux warrior who served in the capacity of chief at two Sioux peace delegations to Washington in 1870 and in 1880. He was officially appointed chief of the Oglala at the Pine Ridge Agency in 1878. Red Shirt was born near Fort Fetterman in Wyoming.