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The Indus Valley Civilization was a Bronze Age civilization that was located in the northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent, consisting of what is now mainly present-day Pakistan and northwest India. Flourishing around the Indus River basin, the civilization extended east into the Ghaggar-Hakra River valley and the upper reaches Ganges-Yamuna Doab; it extended west to the Makran coast of Balochistan, north to northeastern Afghanistan and south to Daimabad in Maharashtra. The civilization
Harappan Seal, "Antelopes with inscription," ca. 2600-1900 BC, Indus Valley Civilization, present-day Pakistan.
NOT DATE NO FIND SPOT NO DOCUMENTATION. POSTED 2001 female figurine with a pannier headdress from Harappa. Some of the female figurines are very ornate with elaborate headdresses, chokers and/or necklaces, and decorated multiple-strand belts. The fan-shaped headdresses sometimes have panniers or cup-like attachments on either side of the head and depictions of flowers added at the top or sides of the head.
Indus culture seems to have gradually spread from west to east, with sites towards central and southern India flourishing after Harappa and Mohenjo Daro had declined. The drying up of the ancient Saraswati or Ghaggar-Hakra River, east of and parallel to the Indus, may also have affected the civilization. There are numerous Indus sites along that river bed.
5000 years ago an impressive culture flourished in the Indus Valley region, which today encompasses parts of India and Pakistan. The civilization that lived there came to be called: Dravidian, or the Indus Valley Civilization or Harappiana.