1848- A large quantity of gold is discovered in northern California & thousands of often violently ambitious men pour in to dig it up. Over the next decade, 80% of the "timid & friendly" native population is killed off. In 1850, California will be annexed to the United States as a free state, angering the southeastern slave states. Gold Rush, American History, California Gold, Rush Minerals, Goldrush, Chine American, Image, Gold Minerals, Chine Minerals
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The Independent Gold-Hunter on his way to California, ca. 1852. From the collections of the California State Library.