Ponca man Mon-non-shu-de or Raises the Dust. Photo: 1899. The Ponca: There are two federally recognized Ponca tribes: the Ponca tribe of Nebraska and the Ponca tribe of Oklahoma. Their traditions and historical accounts suggest they originated as a tribe east of the Mississippi River in the Ohio River valley area and migrated west for game and as a result of the Iroquois wars. The term Ponca was the name of a clan among the Kansa, Osage, and Quapaws.