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Kendake was the title for queens and queen mothers of the ancient African Kingdom of Kush, also known as Nubia and Ethiopia.They were known as Nubian warrior queens, queen regents, and Ruling queen mothers. They controlled what is now Ethiopia, Sudan, and parts of Egypt. Reliefs dated to about 170 B.C. reveal kendake Shanakdakheto, dressed in armor and wielding a spear in battle. She did not rule as queen regent or queen mother but as a fully independent ruler. Her husband was her consort.

Amanitore (c. 50 CE) was a Nubian Kandake (queen) of the ancient Kushitic Kingdom of Meroë, which also is referred to as Nubia in many ancient sources. An alternate spelling is Kandace, Kandake, or Kentake. In Egyptian hieroglyphics the throne name of Amanitore reads as Merkare. Many Candaces are described as warrior queens who led forces in battle.

Berenice I (c. 340 BC-between 279-268 BC) was a Greek Macedonian noblewoman and through her marriage to Ptolemy I Soter, became the first Queen of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt.

Queen Amanitore sandstone relief - detail ca. 1-25 AD. Nubian Kingdom of Meroë. from a temple in Wad Ban Naga Sudan. The Queen is shown with short hair and voluptuous body representing the Meroitic ideal in contrast to the more egyptianized goddess with the slim body and the long hair. The throne name is written in Egyptian hieroglyphs, the birth name is written in Meroitic hieroglyphs.

  • Sasha Lambert

    The Meroitic script is an alphabetic script originally derived from Egyptian hieroglyphs, used to write the Meroitic language of the Kingdom of Meroë in Sudan. It was developed in the Napatan Period (about 700–300 BCE), and first appears in the 2nd century BCE.The script was deciphered in 1909 by Francis Llewellyn Griffith, a British Egyptologist, based on the Meroitic spellings of Egyptian names. However, the Meroitic language itself has yet to be translated.

  • Sasha Lambert

    For a time, iMERIOTIC scrip was possibly used to write the Nubian language of the successor Nubian kingdoms] Its use was described by the Greek historian Diodorus Siculus (c. 50 BCE. If the Meroitic alphabet did continue in use by the Nubian kingdoms that succeeded the Kingdom of Meroë, it was replaced by the Coptic alphabet with the introduction of Christianity to Nubia in the 6th C. CE. The Nubian form of the Coptic alphabet retained three Meroitic letters. In late 2008 the first complete royal dedication was found, which may help confirm or refute some of the current hypotheses. The longest inscription found is in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.

The temple of Amon (1st cent. BC/ 1st cent. AD). Sanctuary. Altar with inscription of King Natakamani and Queen Amanitore. Both are written in Meroitic hieroglyphs The figures at the top to the left is the Goddess Meret and next to her is the figure of the king

The Ancient Sudan: (Society for the Promotion of the Egyptian Museum Berlin) Jewelry from the tomb of Queen Amanishakheto in Meroe

The bracelet belonged to the Queen Amanishakheto and comes from the pyramid (Beg N. 6) in Meroe (Sudan).

King Taharqa's Photo Gallery (25th Dynasty) Taharqa, a son and third successor of King Piye, was the greatest of the Nubian pharaohs. His empire stretched from Palestine to the confluence of the Blue and White Niles.

Collar of a queen of King Shebitka Nubian, Napatan Period, reign of Shebitka, 702–690 B.C.

Signet Ring: Queen seated in front of Amun : Historical Dating: Amanishakheto Sudan (country) Meroe (Location) Pyramid N6 (district) gold