Bas-reliefs dated to about 170 B.C. reveal kentakes Shanakdakheto, dressed in armor and wielding a spear in battle. She did not rule as queen regent or queen mother but as a fully independent ruler. Her husband was her consort. In bas-reliefs found in the ruins of building projects she commissioned, Shanakdakheto is portrayed both alone as well as with her husband and son, who would inherit the throne by her death. Written History
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Kendake was the title for queens and queen mothers of the ancient African Kingdom of Kush, also known as Nubia and Ethiopia.They were known as Nubian warrior queens, queen regents, and Ruling queen mothers. They controlled what is now Ethiopia, Sudan, and parts of Egypt. Reliefs dated to about 170 B.C. reveal kendake Shanakdakheto, dressed in armor and wielding a spear in battle. She did not rule as queen regent or queen mother but as a fully independent ruler. Her husband was her consort.
Amanitore (c. 50 CE) was a Nubian Kandake (queen) of the ancient Kushitic Kingdom of Meroë, which also is referred to as Nubia in many ancient sources. An alternate spelling is Kandace, Kandake, or Kentake. In Egyptian hieroglyphics the throne name of Amanitore reads as Merkare. Many Candaces are described as warrior queens who led forces in battle.
Queen Amanitore sandstone relief - detail ca. 1-25 AD. Nubian Kingdom of Meroë. from a temple in Wad Ban Naga Sudan. The Queen is shown with short hair and voluptuous body representing the Meroitic ideal in contrast to the more egyptianized goddess with the slim body and the long hair. The throne name is written in Egyptian hieroglyphs, the birth name is written in Meroitic hieroglyphs.
The temple of Amon (1st cent. BC/ 1st cent. AD). Sanctuary. Altar with inscription of King Natakamani and Queen Amanitore. Both are written in Meroitic hieroglyphs The figures at the top to the left is the Goddess Meret and next to her is the figure of the king