• Katie McGranahan

    Not originally published in LIFE magazine. As German officers and Weimar civilians bear witness, after Buchenwald's liberation, to atrocities committed at the camp, a dummy in striped prisoner garb hangs from a gallows — a gruesome demonstration of one of the many public ways that inmates were murdered at the camp.

  • David Payne

    The Liberation of Buchenwald, April 1945

More from this board

Layout from an article titled "Atrocities," from the May 7, 1945, issue of LIFE. Credits: page 36—John Florea; page 37—George Rodger.

Layout from an article titled "Atrocities," from the May 7, 1945, issue of LIFE. Credit: pp. 34, 35—William Vandivert.

Layout from an article titled "Atrocities," from the May 7, 1945, issue of LIFE. Credits: page 32—George Rodger; page 33—George Rodger (top), Margaret Bourke-White (bottom).

German civilians are forced by American troops to bear witness to Nazi atrocities at Buchenwald concentration camp, mere miles from their own homes, April 1945.

German civilians are forced by American troops to bear witness to Nazi atrocities at Buchenwald concentration camp, mere miles from their own homes, April 1945.

Prisoners at Buchenwald display their identification tattoos shortly after camp's liberation by Allied forces, April 1945.

As German officers and Weimar civilians bear witness, after Buchenwald's liberation, to atrocities committed at the camp, a dummy in striped prisoner garb hangs from a gallows — a gruesome demonstration of one of the many public ways that inmates were murdered at the camp.

A newly liberated prisoner stands beside a pile of human ashes and bones, Buchenwald, April 1945.

The remains of an incinerated prisoner inside a Buchenwald cremation oven, April 1945.

The dead at Buchenwald, piled high outside the camp's incinerator plant, April 1945.

The dead at Buchenwald, April 1945.

Prisoners at Buchenwald gaze from behind barbed wire during the camp's liberation by American forces, April 1945.

Prisoners, too emaciated to walk, at Buchenwald during the camp's liberation by American forces, April 1945.

Prisoners at Buchenwald during the camp's liberation by American forces, April 1945.

The caption that accompanied this image when it appeared in the May 7, 1945, issue of LIFE: "Deformed by malnutrition, a Buchenwald prisoner leans against his bunk after trying to walk. Like other imprisoned slave laborers, he worked in a Nazi factory until too feeble."

Examining Buchenwald prisoners after the camp's liberation by U.S. troops, April 1945.

A Czech doctor (right) prepares to examine a Buchenwald concentration camp inmate while other inmates surround him, awaiting treatment, April 1945.

Survivors gaze at photographer Margaret Bourke-White and at their rescuers from the United States Third Army during the liberation of Buchenwald, April 1945.