Operation Paperclip was the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) program used to recruit the scientists of Nazi Germany for employment by the United States in the aftermath of World War II (1939–45). It was conducted by the Joint Intelligence Objectives Agency (JIOA), and in the context of the burgeoning Soviet–American Cold War (1945–91); one purpose of Operation Paperclip was to deny German scientific knowledge and expertise to the USSR and the UK and to (divided) Germany itself.

From Mongolia with love: Red Army soldier from the farthest steppes of the Soviet Union poses triumphant in the devastated streets of Berlin, May 1945.

Victim of Nazi inhumanity. He was one of 150 prisoners savagely burned to death by Nazi SS troops.

A German World War II prisoner, released by the Soviet Union, is reunited with his daughter. The child had not seen her father since she was one-year-old. (Helmuth Pirath)

Jesse Owens Wins Gold In Nazi Germany The 1936 Berlin Olympic Games were marked by Hitler's desire to showcase Aryan supremacy and American Jesse Owens' refusal to play along. Owens won four gold medals at the games including the long jump. This photo from the medal stand of that event is one of the most powerful images in Olympic history.

Anna Frank (1929-1945). Her famous diary chronicles the events of her life from June 1942 until 1944, during the II World War.

Mildred Fish-Harnack and her husband Arvid Harnack. They attended the University of Wisconsin-Madison, moved to Germany in 1929, and promptly allied with the Soviets, becoming leaders of an underground Nazi resistance group called the Red Orchestra. Mildred was the only American woman ever to be executed on the direct orders of Hitler.

US soldiers attempting to stay out of a sniper’s sight after a comrade was hit, Germany, March 1945.

The Cold War Map 1962 I would use this to give the students an understanding of teh general geography of the cold war

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