Operation Paperclip was the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) program used to recruit the scientists of Nazi Germany for employment by the United States in the aftermath of World War II (1939–45). It was conducted by the Joint Intelligence Objectives Agency (JIOA), and in the context of the burgeoning Soviet–American Cold War (1945–91); one purpose of Operation Paperclip was to deny German scientific knowledge and expertise to the USSR and the UK and to (divided) Germany itself.
Jesse Owens Wins Gold In Nazi Germany The 1936 Berlin Olympic Games were marked by Hitler's desire to showcase Aryan supremacy and American Jesse Owens' refusal to play along. Owens won four gold medals at the games including the long jump. This photo from the medal stand of that event is one of the most powerful images in Olympic history.
Mildred Fish-Harnack and her husband Arvid Harnack. They attended the University of Wisconsin-Madison, moved to Germany in 1929, and promptly allied with the Soviets, becoming leaders of an underground Nazi resistance group called the Red Orchestra. Mildred was the only American woman ever to be executed on the direct orders of Hitler.