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    13th Amendment to the United States Constitution officially outlaws slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime. It was passed by the Senate on April 8, 1864, by the House on January 31, 1865, and adopted on December 6, 1865. On December 18, Secretary of State William H. Seward proclaimed it to have been adopted. It was the first of the three Reconstruction Amendments adopted after the American Civil War.

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    The case of the missing 13th amendment to the Constitution - A few years ago, a group of Iowa Republicans claimed the legitimate 13th Amendment to the Constitution was “missing.” The debate is part of an historical detective story with some surprising twists that is still taking place.

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Harriet Tubman (born Araminta Ross; c. March 1822 – March 10, 1913) was an African-American abolitionist, humanitarian and Union spy during the American Civil War. After escaping from slavery, into which she was born, she made 13 missions to rescue more than 70 slaves using the network of antislavery activists and safe houses known as the Underground Railroad. She later helped John Brown recruit men for his raid on Harpers Ferry, and in the post-war era struggled for women's suffrage

Mary and Molly (or "Mollie") Bell were two young women from Pulaski County, Virginia[ who disguised themselves as men and fought in the Civil War for the Confederacy for two years.

Rare photo of a Confederate Standard Bearer

Women in the civil war were not allowed unless they were nurses. Four hundred women served in the war. Some historical records show that over sixty women were wounded or killed in the war.

Native Americans in the Confederate Army [ edit source | edit ]

Out of the approx. 750,000 soldiers that fought for the South, these were the last three surviving Confederate Civil War veterans. Photo taken in 1951

Caroline Cowles Richards (Nov. 21, 1842 - Mar. 29, 1913) wrote "Village Life in America, 1852 – 1872" of her daily experiences and reveals the sacrifices the community made as the war progressed. Many of its young men joined the Union Army and the villagers closely monitored the news from the war front. She married Edmund C. Clarke (1834 - 1920), a Civil War Veteran.---

bullet collection from the civil war

ca. 1861-65, [tintype portrait of A. J. Blue, a heavily armed Union cavalry soldier with three Remington revolvers in his belt] via the Library of Congress, Liljenquist Family Collection of Civil War Photographs

The Battle of Fort Smith was fought in western Arkansas on July 31st 1864.Note the tricorn hat (as in 1776) and the interesting gunbelt.

The personal battle flag of a prominent Civil War General may be leaving its homestate of Virginia when one of the largest public auctions of significant Civil War ...

Civil War Artifacts at The Civil War Attic

Rebel Flag

The Emancipation of Rebecca, Augusta & Rosa | 1863. by Black History Album, via Flickr

Civil War Officers with Lady's CDV Taken by Isaac Lachman Phil

Women entered new areas of public activism during the Civil War. Above, nurses and officers of the U.S. Sanitary Commission in Fredericksburg, Virginia. Image courtesy of the Library of Congress, Washington D. C.

Anna Maria Reeves Jarvis (September 30, 1832 May 9, 1905) was born in Culpeper, Virginia. Jarvis worked around what is now West Virginia to promote worker health and safety concerns. During the American Civil War she organized women to tend to the needs of the wounded of both sides. After the war she became active in the promotion of Mothers Day, a holiday at that time involved with the causes of pacifism and social activism.

Sarah Emma Edmonds as "Franklin Thompson." She served as a man during the American Civil War. She received a government pension for military service, gained an honorable discharge, and was the only woman to be admitted to the Union Army veterans' organization.

(Today's Activity 4.13.2012) On this date in 1865 Robert E Lee surrendered troops today- ending the American Civil War. Eyrien gets to play dress up, and dress as close to the 1865 fashions as possible. :) Full color fashion plate from Petit Courier des Dames, circa 1865, depicting walking dresses with appropriate accessories

Only one Medal of Honor has ever been awarded to a woman: Mary Edwards Walker, a Civil War doctor captured and imprisoned as a spy by the Confederates. Her medal was revoked post war, when the medal criteria were tightened: it could only be awarded to active duty soldiers in battle. Walker, however, refused to give it back.

Mary Elizabeth Bowser, Union spy in the home of Confederate President Jefferson Davis.

List of Women's Jobs During the Civil War | eHow

Civil War

Sunken Road, Stone Wall and Innis House Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Wilderness, and Spotsylvania--this is America's battleground, where the Civil War roared to its bloody climax. No place more vividly reflects the War's tragic cost in all its forms. A town bombarded and looted. Farms large and small ruined. Refugees by the thousands forced into the countryside. More than 85,000 men wounded; 15,000 killed--most in graves unknown.