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  • Sarah Gregor

    The Centralia Massacre was an incident during the American Civil War in which twenty-four unarmed Union soldiers were captured and executed at Centralia, Missouri on September 27, 1864 by the pro-Confederate guerrilla leader William T. Anderson. Future outlaw Jesse James was among the guerrillas. In the ensuing Battle of Centralia, a large detachment of Union mounted infantry attempted to intercept Anderson, but nearly all of them were killed in combat.

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John Jarrette was a member of William Clarke Quantrill’s Guerrillas. He Rode with Quantrill during the raid on Lawrence, Kansas in 1863, and with Bloody Bill Anderson during the massacre at Centralia, Missouri 1864. After the war, Jarrette joined the Jesse James gang, and was a suspect in the robbery of the bank in Kentucky in 1868. In the photo he wears a captured Union waist belt plate.

William T. “Bloody Bill” Anderson (1838 – 1864) was a notorious Confederate guerrilla leader with whom Jesse James associated for a brief period during the Civil War.

Photo Galleries | Local Confederate guerrillas | Civil War 150

Archie Clement (January 1, 1846 – December 13, 1866), a.k.a. "Little Arch", was a pro-Confederate guerrilla leader in the American Civil War, known for his brutality towards Union soldiers and pro-Union civilians in Missouri.

Charles Sumner statue in Harvard Square. "Charles Sumner (1811–1874) was an American politician and statesman from Massachusetts. An academic lawyer and a powerful orator, Sumner was the leader of the antislavery forces in Massachusetts and a leader of the Radical Republicans in the United States Senate during the American Civil War and Reconstruction."

Augustus Hunt Wright by Allen of Boston, Mass. Wright began his Civil War service as a private in the Second Massachusetts Cavalry. He later served in the Forty-second Massachusetts Infantry and the Twenty-fourth U.S. Colored Infantry. A sketch of his life, from the Biographical Review Volume XVIII Containing Life Sketches of Leading Citizens of Plymouth County Massachusetts: (p. 94)

Frank and Jesse James in 1872. The James brothers were Confederate guerrillas in Missouri during the Civil War. #civilwar

Civil War Generals. As in every major conflict, some of these men were poor excuses for human beings. Some of the poor excuses were superb military tacticians. Some were loved by their men, and couldn't move them across the street.

Said to be an army hospital nurse, this post mortem (death portrait) photograph shows a young woman holding a book, possibly a small bible or testament. The revenue stamp on the back dates this image to 1864. Annapolis was the site of one of the largest Union Army Hospitals during the Civil War and at least 5 female nurses died of diseases caught while tending patients there. Three of them died in late 1863 and two died in early 1865. The 1864 stamp on this image places it between those two time

Powhatan Beaty (October 8, 1837 – December 6, 1916) was an African American soldier and actor. During the American Civil War, he served in the Union Army's 5th United States Colored Infantry Regiment throughout the Richmond–Petersburg Campaign. He received America's highest military decoration, the Medal of Honor, for taking command of his company at the Battle of Chaffin's Farm after all officers had been killed and/or wounded.