"Moon near planets before dawn - July 14, 2012 - watch for them in the east! Annie Lewis writes, "At the top, the moon and the Pleiades. Directly below the Pleiades, Jupiter. Below Jupiter, Venus, with the star Aldebaran and the rest of the Taurus constellation to the right. Madrid, Spain. 6.00 a.m." From EarthSky Facebook
Phobos in the foreground with gigantic (but very distant) Jupiter sitting in the background, a fortuitous alignment that the Mars Express High-Resolution Stereo Camera team took advantage of on June 1. Phobos and Jupiter ESA/DLR/FU Berlin (G. Neukum) On June 1, 2001, Mars Express watched as Phobos (the inner and larger of Mars' two moons) slipped past distant Jupiter. Phobos is only 23 kilometers in diameter, while Jupiter is 142,000 kilometers across!
Jupiter and Io. "The image shows a major eruption in progress on Io's night side, at the northern volcano Tvashtar. Incandescent lava glows red beneath a high volcanic plume, whose uppermost portions are illuminated by sunlight. The plume appears blue due to scattering of light by small particles in the plume."
Venus is visible above Earth's moon, which is illuminated solely by light reflected from Earth. Because of Venus's nearness to Earth and the way its clouds reflect sunlight, it appears to be the brightest planet in the night sky. Photo: NASA