De Humani Corporis Fabrica... Basel, 1543. Woodcut. National Library of Medicine. Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564) [anatomist] Stephen van Calcar and the Workshop of Titian [artists] Vesalius dissects a cadaver in the center of a crowded anatomical theater, while Death hovers over the scene. Before De Fabrica, depictions of dissection had the anatomist presiding at some distance from the cadaver, while lower ranking barber-surgeons did the dirty work of dissecting.
Nike of Samothrace - A Nike is a goddess who personified triumph or victory. An artist would sculpt a Nike to celebrate winning a battle/war. Even though this particular Nike is missing her outstretched arms and head, she is one of the most famous sculptures from the Hellenistic Period of Ancient Greece.