From an Ayurvedic perspective Red Lentils are Sweet, Astringent, Cooling, Light and Soft – so they are balancing to Vata, Pitta and Kapha (if eaten on their own, their astringency could imbalance Vata but if cooked with a little oil and pungent spices, they become Tridoshic). Red lentils are also one of the few legumes that are considered Sattvic.
Grains that pacify Kapha are light, dry, and rough. In general, grains tend to be staples in our diets because they are somewhat heavy and nourishing. But when it comes to balancing Kapha, these qualities are best minimized, so reducing grain consumption overall can be a huge benefit.
Cumin is pungent and bitter and has a warming effect on the body. It is one of the best herbs for digestive sluggishness, helps to reduce Ama in the body and improves the absorption of nutrients. It is also good for diarrhoea, IBS, digestive spasming and piles. It has a drying action on the lungs so is good in the case of excess mucous in the chest and helps to relieve tightness.