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    Marie Curie was a woman before her time. Born in 1867, in Poland, she was a genius in physics and in chemistry; she is the first woman ever to receive a Nobel Prize and the only woman in history to receive two Nobel Prizes.

    Ultimate collection of rare historical photos. A BIG piece of history (200 pictures!)

    If you are reading this, thank this woman. Her name is Grace Hopper, and she is one of the most under appreciated computer scientists ever. You think Gates and Jobs were cool? This woman worked on computers when they took up rooms! She invented the first compiler, which is a program that translates a computer language like Java or C++ into machine code, called assembly, that can be read by a processor. Every single program you use, every OS and server, was made possible by her first compiler.

    THIS IS a famous, intensely evocative photo, taken in 1894, of Alexander Graham Bell, Annie Sullivan and Helen Keller (seated). Bell introduced Keller to her famous teacher.

    PRECIOUS Pic.. Charlie Chaplin learns the manual alphabet from Hellen Keller in 1919.

    Miep Gies, the woman who hid Ann Frank and her family for 2 years.

    Mary Edwards Walker in her later years, 1911. She received the Medal of Honor for her work as a surgeon during the US Civil War, the only woman to ever get one. In 1917 the Army tightened up the rules for what you had to do/be to get the MoH...and deleted 911 names from the Medal of Honor Roll, including hers. She kept her medal and wore it till her death. Jimmy Carter restored her medal posthumously.

    Lviv pogroms, Petlura days, July 27-29, 1941 - The Lviv pogroms were two massacres of Jews living in and near in the city of Lwów, the occupied Republic of Poland (now Lviv, Ukraine), that took place from June 30 to July 2 and July 25–29, 1941.

    Harriet Tubman, slave, abolitionist, spy and 1st woman to lead an armed expedition during war. Born into slavery, she was beaten, 'hired out' and suffered seizures from being hit by a heavy weight. After escaping, she later made ~19 trips to rescue a total of over 300 slaves, sometimes using the Underground Railroad. Called 'Black Moses', she carried a gun and threatened to shoot any slave who would turn back. She was a Union spy during the Civil War and struggled for women's suffrage.

    Madame Marie Curie. The only person to hold two Nobel Prizes is a woman. Marie Curie was honored for her work in both Physics & Chemistry and her pioneering research in radioactivity changed history.

    1860 woman wearing a crinoline being dressed with the aid of long poles to lift her dress over the hoops. Photo by London Stereoscopic Company via Getty

    Elizaveta Fedorovna (Elizabeth Romanova), a German princess in 1880’s-90’s Russia, where she married the fifth son of Tsar Alexander II. She was said to be the most beautiful woman in Europe. Her husband was killed by a bomb in 1905. A champion of the poor, she became a nun after her husband's murder. Arrested and buried alive 1918 by the Red Army. Canonized in 1981.

    WOMEN IN HIDING: James Barry was a woman disguised as man in order to study medicine. Admitted to Edinburgh University in 1809. After graduation, was assigned to various British colonies and noted for "his" care & struggle to improve the standard of life of patients. Died in 1865, after 46 years working as an army medical officer. Was then when her real identity, MARGARET ANN BULKLEY, was discovered. Among her many achievements she was the first British surgeon to perform a successful C-section.

    Elizabeth Blackwell was rejected by 19+ medical schools but was finally accepted by Geneva Medical College in NY. She graduated on January 23, 1849 to become the first female doctor in history.

    Since her death in 1979, the woman who discovered what the universe is made of has not so much as received a memorial plaque or obituaries mention her greatest discovery…Everyone knows Charles Darwin discovered evolution and Albert Einstein discovered the relativity of time. But when it comes to the composition of our universe, textbooks simply say the most abundant atom in the universe is hydrogen. And no one ever wonders how we know? Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin, a truly extraordinary woman.

    Hitler called her "The most dangerous woman in Europe." At The Queens Head pub in Stepney, in London's East End, Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother enjoyed a pint of bitter, which she pulled herself. (That's the much-missed late mother of QE II, who famously refused to leave London during the Blitz, or even to send her daughters to the safety of Canada, saying ""The children won't go without me. I won't leave the King. And the King will never leave."

    Marie Sklodowska Curie ~~~~ Marie Curie is considered the most famous of all women scientists. She was the only woman ever to win two Nobel Prizes. Prohibited from higher education in her native Poland (then controlled by Russia), she moved to Paris in 1891 and studied at the Sorbonne. In 1903 her discovery of radioactivity earned her the Nobel Prize in physics. In 1911, she won it for chemistry.

    Phoebe Ann Moses aka Annie Oakley. First white woman hired by a Wild West outfit to fill a traditionally male role. She was, hands down, the finest woman sharpshooting entertainer of all time. And, at one time, she may have been the most famous woman in the American West or the American East.

    Lucy Stone - determined that men were reading the Bible in a way to suppress women, she worked her way through school to learn Greek and Latin to prove them wrong. Kept her last name, chopped her hair off, scandalously wore precursors to pants, was kicked out of church for arguing that women had the right to own property and to be able to divorce abusive alcoholic husbands. Considered a true radical for her time, she spoke in public frequently and headed multiple prominent womens organizations.