Edmund Ruffin fired the first shot at Fort Sumter, officially kicking off the Civil War. With Lee's Surrender at Appomattox, Ruffin committed Suicide, Shooting himself in the head. Hence, he is often associated with shooting the first and last shots of the Civil War. Picture ca. 1860-65
A forgotten profession: In the days before alarm clocks were widely affordable, people like Mary Smith of Brenton Street were employed to rouse sleeping people in the early hours of the morning. They were commonly known as knocker-ups or knocker-uppers. Mrs. Smith was paid sixpence a week to shoot dried peas at market workers windows in Limehouse Fields, London. Photograph from Philip Davies Lost London: 1870-1945.