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    14-year-old Orion Perseus Howe not only was a Union drummer boy in the 55th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment, he was also a Medal of Honor recipient for his actions at Vicksburg.

    4.16 Friday 13th 1902: Uncle Jeb's beard - his pride and glory - ultimately was his undoing when he tripped over it and fell down the stairs, sadly ending his, and its, 12 year reign as "Champion Beard of Illinois".

    Arthur Macarthur was a brave teenaged officer in the Civil War. He won the Medal of Honor at 18, and was a Lt. Col by the age of 19. Years later his son, Douglas MacArthur, would also win the Medal of Honor - making them one of only two Father-Son recipients of the Medal of Honor.

    Union Private Orion Perseus Howe one of the youngest Medal of Honor awardees, received the Medal for action on May 19th 1863 as part of the Vicksburg Campaign.

    "The most famous of the dozens of young drummer boys was Johnny Clem of Newark, Ohio (1851-1937). He went to war at the age of ten. Clem made the army a career, and he retired in 1916 with the rank of major general. He is the youngest soldier ever to receive such that honor. He died in San Antonio, TX

    Edward Black, drummer boy for the 21st Indiana Volunteers. At 8 years old, it is believed that he was the youngest Union army soldier.

    Portrait of Joseph E. Tupper, 1861-1863. Clarkston. Enlisted in company I, Tenth Infantry, as Sergeant, Dec. 29, 1861, at Flint, for 3 years, age 23. Mustered Feb. 6, 1862. First Sergeant. Sergeant Major March 31, 1863. Commissioned Major, Seventeenth U.S. Colored Troops, Nov. 9, 1863. Volunteering to serve with colored troops was a quick way to advance in rank for white soldiers, (Descriptive Roll Tenth Michigan Volunteers).

    Carte-de-visite photograph of John Lincoln Clem (1851-1937), also called Johnny Clem or Johnny Shiloh. Clem served as a drummer boy for the Union Army during the Civil War and went on to achieve the rank of brigadier general in the Quartermaster Corps.

    Audie Murphy, most decorated u.s. soldier from wwii. He received: Medal of Honor Distinguished Service Cross Silver Star Legion of Merit Bronze Star Purple Heart French Legion of Honor French Croix de Guerre Belgian Croix de guerre

    December 1, 1958 – The Our Lady of the Angels School fire in Chicago, Illinois, kills 92 children and three nuns. The severity of the fire shocked the nation and surprised educational administrators of both public and private schools. The disaster led to major improvements in standards for school design and fire safety codes.

    The Boy Who Became a World War II Veteran at 13 Years Old Graham, the USS South Dakota‘s 12-year-old gunner, in 1942.

    Union Lt. John Clem in 1867. Four years prior, when he was a 12 year old at the Battle of Chickamauga, he rode an artillery caisson to the front and wielded a musket trimmed to his size. In the course of a Union retreat, he shot a Confederate colonel who had demanded his surrender. After the battle, the "Drummer Boy of Chickamauga" was promoted to sergeant, the youngest soldier ever to be a non-commissioned officer in the United States Army. As a 12 year old Sgt, he had already seen combat !

    William Johnston enlisted in the 3rd Vermont Infantry December 11th 1861 at the age of 11 as a drummer boy; he would become the youngest person ever to be awarded the Medal of Honor.

    Stefan Tomaszewski, 11-years old Polish volunteer soldier during the Warsaw Uprising, August 1944, Warsaw, Poland

    William Matthews was so enthusiastic about the new First Kansas Colored Volunteer Infantry in 1862 that he was one of the first to volunteer. Matthews’ enthusiasm spread and he convinced a number of exslaves to enlist in the regiment. The Leavenworth businessman soon was appointed captain, the highest ranking African American officer in the regiment. He is probably wearing two pistols because if captured, he would be executed immediately.

    William H Steel, 34th Illinois Infantry, Company F

    Elizabeth Packard was locked up in a state insane asylum in Illinois from 1860 - 1863 for disagreeing with her husband over religion, child rearing, family finances, and the issue of slavery. jury declared her falsely imprisoned, and she was released in 1863. In a series of publications and public speeches, she campaigned for changes to laws and conditions in asylums.

    "Breaking a tradition of 167 years, the U.S. Marine Corps started enlisting Negroes on June 1, 1942. The first class of 1,200 Negro volunteers began their training 3 months later as members of the 51st Composite Defense Battalion at Montford Point, a section of the 200-square-mile Marine Base, Camp Lejeune, at New River, NC. The first Negro to enlist was Howard P. Perry shown here," via Flickr.

    +~+~ Antique Photograph ~+~+ Drummer Boy It surprises me how many children fought in the civil war.

    Original caption: "A few months shy of ten years old, John Clem ran away from home to join the Union Army and fight in the American Civil War. Although he started out as a drummer boy, at the point this picture was taken he had served in combat and was already a Sergeant at twelve years old. He became famous for shooting a Confederate soldier who demanded that he surrender. Years later would retire from the military as a Brigadier General."

    Albert Woolson, union drummer boy died in 1956 at 108 yrs. He was the last Civil War veteran.