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Margaret Tudor, Queen of Scotland, Sister of Henry VIII Portrait of Margaret Tudor (1489-1541) Queen of Scotland from 'Memoirs of the Court of Queen Elizabeth' after a portrait by Daniel Mytens (c.1590-1642),
James IV (1473 - 1513). King of Scotland from 1488 to his death in 1513. He is regarded as the most successful of the Stewart monarchs. He was last monarch of Scotland to be killed in battle. He died in the Battle of Flodden Field when he tried to invade England. He married Margaret Tudor and had four sons.
Margaret Tudor spent her childhood at Sheen and at Eltham Palace, but was sent to Scotland at the age of thirteen to marry James IV following the 1502 Treaty of Perpetual Peace between England and Scotland. Margaret and James had been married by proxy on 25th January 1503 at Richmond Palace but married in person on 8th August 1503 at Holyrood Abbey. James IV and Margaret Tudor went on to have six children, including the future James V of Scotland, father of Mary Queen of Scots.
King James VI of Scotland inherited the kingship as an infant when Mary abdicated in 1567. Regents governed in his name during his minority, which ended in 1581. When Queen Elizabeth died childless in 1603, James VI of Scotland also became James I of England, uniting the crowns of the two countries for the first time in history.
Prince William lll, the later King Stadtholder William lll, as a boy (1650-1702) Prince of Orange from 1650, King of England, Scotland and Ireland from 1688
Mary Queen of Scots, aged 19, in white mourning to mark the loss of three members of her immediate family within a period of 18 months. Her father-in-law Henry II died in July 1559; her mother Mary of Guise died in Scotland in June 1560; and in December of the same year her husband Francis II died. Mary, no longer Queen of France, returned to Scotland in August 1561.