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    Catherine de Medici (daughter of Lorenzo) Queen of France as wife of Henry, second son of King Francis I, then Queen consort of France as wife of King Henry II from 1547 to 1559. Henry's death thrust Catherine into the political arena as mother of the frail 15-year-old King Francis II. When he died in 1560, she became regent on behalf of her 10-year-old son King Charles IX and was granted sweeping powers. After Charles died in 1574, Catherine played a key role in the reign of 3rd son, Henry III.

    Catherine de' Medici (1519 - 1589). Queen of France from 1547 to 1559. She was the wife of Henri II, and she had eleven children with him. She hated his mistress, Diane de Poitiers, and blamed her for the problems in her marriage. She served as regent for two of her sons. She was also blamed from the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre.

    (3) During her reign, she used a technique from her Italian heritage of displaying the wealth and power of France as a means of distraction from political affairs. This method was maintained and used by the French kings of the future.

    Marie de' Medici (French: Marie de Médicis; 26 April 1575 – 3 July 1642) was Queen of France as the second wife of King Henry IV of France, she acted as regent for her son, King Louis XIII of France, until he came of age.[1] She was noted for her ceaseless political intrigues at the French court and extensive artistic patronage.

    Marie de Medici (1575-1642), Queen of France and mother of Louis XIII, painted in the year of her marriage to Henri IV, 1600 by Santi di Tito (1536-1603) (Pitti Palace)

    Catherine de' Medici, attributed to François Clouet, c. 1555 Queen consort of France Reign 31 March 1547 – 10 July 1559

    Marie de Guise, Queen of Scotland, Mother of Mary Queen of Scots // Corneille de Lyon // circa 1537