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Scott of the Antarctic: the lies that doomed his race to the pole

Far from being a heroic amateur as he's so often portrayed the explorer championed science and, as Robin McKie reveals, was a victim of cruel luck – and deception
  • Hans Meyer

    Terra Nova Expedition at The South Pole (sitting Evans & Oates, standing Bowers,Scott,Wilson)

  • Arthur Vorbrodt

    This is an enlarged version of the solo picture of Scott hungry and frostbitten. This image includes 5 members of the Antarctic expedition, from left to right: Capt Lawrence (Titus) Oates, Capt Robert Falcon Scott, PO Edgar Evans and seated, Lt Henry (Birdie) Bowers, Dr Edward Adrian Wilson are seen at the South Pole in January 1912. This image yet again represents their united effort of to conquer the wild and to ensure that the British flag is the first to be planted at the South Pole.

  • Carolyn Cash

    The members of Captain Scott's ill-fated expedition to the South Pole (from left to right); Laurence Oates, H.R. Bowers, Robert Scott, Edward Wilson and Edgar Evans.

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A year after America's Robert Peary became the first to stand at the North Pole, a British team under Robert Scott sailed Terra Nova to Antarctica hoping to win the race to the South pole. They reached it on Jan 18, 1912, only to find a note left 35 days earlier by Norway's Roald Amundsen. Scott, 44, and his men starved to death on the trek back.

On December 14, 1911, Roald Amundsen, Helmer Hanssen, Sverre Hassel, Oscar Wisting (l-r) and Olav Bjaaland (taking the photo) of Norway became the first explorers to reach the South Pole.

Roald Amundsen was the first person to reach the South Pole. At approximately 3pm on December 14, 1911, Amundsen raised the flag of Norway at the South Pole and named the spot Polheim — “Pole Home.”

100 years ago today, explorer Robert Scott and his expedition died on a doomed quest to become the first to reach the South Pole. In his last days, Scott wrote a diary and letters to his supporters. Read more from Michael Leclerc in his post "The Power of the Written Word"

Scott taken during is race to the South Pole.

In 1912 explorers were still seeking to extend the boundaries of the physical world. Robert Falcon Scott, a British naval officer and explorer, began his expedition to reach the South Pole. Reaching there in Jan. he discovered that Roald Amundsen's team had gotten there first. Disappointed, the Scott party started their return hike in adverse conditions. They made camp near One Ton Depot where they perished by March 29. #Titanic (Image www.loc.gov/...)

Photo of Mount Buckley taken by Captain Robert Scott not long before he died returning from the South Pole in March 1912.

1910-1912, Roald Amundsen’s South Pole Expedition

Roald Amundsen led the Antarctic expedition (1910-12) to discover the South Pole in December 1911 and he was the first expedition leader to (undisputedly) reach the North Pole in 1926.[1][2] He is also known as the first to traverse the Northwest Passage (1903-06). He disappeared in June 1928 while taking part in a rescue mission.

ROALD AMUNDSEN - was a Norwegian explorer of polar regions. He led the Antarctic expedition (1910-12) to discover the South Pole in December 1911 and he was the first expedition leader to reach the North Pole in 1926.

On 14 December 1911, the Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen & his team became the first human beings to reach the South Pole, just over a month before Robert Falcon Scott’s ill-fated Terra Nova expedition. Amundsen had already led the first expedition to traverse the North West Passage, and would go on to supposedly lead the first successful attempt to cross the Arctic by air. He disappeared in 1928 while taking part in an airborne rescue mission in the Arctic; his body was never found.