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Arnþrúður Ösp Karlsdóttir

Grave Goods - A Viking Age cemetery at Pierowall on Westray in Orkney. Some of the finer objects from the more than 15 graves excavated include a brass oval brooch from a woman's grave, a tinned bronze drinking terminal mount, and a refashioned gilt bronze Irish/Pictish brooch with glass settings. A number of weapons were also found, including the two spears, a sword , a shield boss, and a very unusual axe hammer. The burials date from between 850 and 950. nms.scran.ac.uk/

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These grave goods were found along with some human bones eroding from the sand dunes at Reay in Caithness in 1912. They are characteristic Scandinavian grave goods, indicating a woman's burial dating to around 900 to 1000. Other Viking graves were found nearby. The grave goods comprise brass oval brooches, a bronze ring-headed pin, a steatite spindle whorl, a tinned bronze buckle, an iron horse bit and a small pair of corroded iron tweezers. nms.scran.ac.uk/

Grave goods from the Oseberg ship burial, around 800, Norway Viking

The Viking graves are shaped differently depending on whether it contains a man or a woman. The graves containing men are shaped pointy like viking ships or as a triangle, while women's graves are round or oval. Depending on the burial customs of the time of each burial, the Iron Age grave was covered with a mound, and the Viking Age grave was a cremation grave with a stone surrounded perimeter, inside which the deceased was cremated.

Items in a viking grave

From the book of Neil Price: womans grave, with staff.

Viking woman grave | ArkeoDok "This woman with all here possessions is one of about 100 graves investigated at the Viking Age Port of Trade at Fröjel, Gotland, Sweden. It is an example showing how and where on the body we find the objects she has had on her, when buried." Click through for high-res photo of upper body, with found objects in situ and labelled.

Woman's grave with staff - .reconstruction of grave 845 at Birka, by Thórhallúr Thráinsson in an article of magazin The Viking Heritage 'Viking age sorceres' based on the book 'The Viking Way Religion and War in the Later Iron Age of Scandinavia' by Neil Price.

Viking belt made of bronze and leather. (The leather is reconstructed). Found in a free man´s grave at the island of Gotland, Sweden.

Womens grave with seidrstaff, reconstruction of grave 4 at Fyrkat, Denmark by Thórhallúr Thráinsson in an article of magazin The Viking Heritage 'Viking age sorceres' based on the book 'The Viking Way Religion and War in the Later Iron Age of Scandinavia' by Neil Price.

Viking dress pin of bronze. Grave find, Öland, Sweden. Object from the exhibition "We call them Vikings" produced by The Swedish History Museum.