Mandore,The mandore was mentioned as a new instrument in French music books from the 1580s.[1] It was a small member of the lute family, teardrop shaped, with four, five or six courses of gut strings[2] and pitched in the treble range.[3] It is considered ancestral to the modern mandolin France, 1640 The Victoria & Albert Museum

Violin 1685, England The Victoria & Albert Museum

Harp France, 1785 The Victoria & Albert Museum

Chair France, 1675-1680 The Victoria & Albert Museum

Clock Holland, 1665-1675 The Victoria & Albert Museum

Arpanetta 1670, Germany The Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. A spitzharfe (or arpanetta) is a musical string instrument popular in Italy and Germany in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.[1][2] Up to 90 centimetres tall,[2] it is designed to be placed on a table, and consists of two sets of strings - steel strings to produce the melody and brass strings for the accompaniment.[1] It is played by plucking with fingers, in a manner similar to the harp.[1]

Boughton Bed England, 1670-1679 The Victoria & Albert Museum

Dudgeon Dagger England, 1605 The Victoria & Albert Museum

mandolin...a stringed instrument and a member of the lute family. Having eight strings in four courses, frequently tuned as a violin.

Armchair, Cleyn, about 1625. Victoria and Albert Museum

Clavicytheria, or upright harpsichords, were made as early as the 15th century, but tall examples such as this date from the late Baroque era. Having 2 sets of doors that conceal the strings, the case appears ungainly when open, but when closed it has a graceful outline embellished by gilded "wings" and stops control 2 sets of strings. The mechanism has been altered and the painted soundboard is a replacement; originally the instrument may have been an upright piano.

Tahachihokin Tohichi Asano Date: 19th century Geography: Kyoto, Japan Dimensions: H. 20 in.; W. 9-1/2 in.; Thickness 2 in. Classification: Chordophone-Zither

Doublet, 1620-1625 The Victoria & Albert Museum

Conch Shell Cup Germany, 1640-1670 The Hermitage Museum

1782 French Arch cittern – note how this instrument has two frets with two sets of strings: seven treble strings and four bass strings.

Chordophone-Lute, Japan

Amazingly intricate Ming-dynasty pipa (a Chinese lute) from the Metropolitan Museum's collection.

Wine cup of Shah Jahan, Victoria and Albert Museum collection. Circa 1657. White nephrite jade.

*Sarangi (1900) ~ A beautiful full sound and a close proximity to the melodic flexibility of the human voice make the sarangi the most important bowed instrument of classical Hindustani music of northern India and Pakistan. A rigid horsehair bow (not shown) rhythmically sounds the gut melody strings that cross over an ivory elephant-shaped bridge (bara ghurac).

Bringing together the talents of art and music, is this string instrument called a Mandora or Chitarino from 1420 that originated in Northern Italy. Unclear on how exactly it was used the instrument does indicate the loyalty of love. An armed cupid with bow and arrow hovers a beutifuly carved couple as a dog sits at ther feet.

Lute (Hasapi), late 19th–early 20th century Indonesia, Sumatra, Toba Batak people