"An artist's depiction of a Neanderthal decorated with feathers." [Same photo pinned already, but with a different article.] "Neanderthals were fashionable in feathers. [New discovery shows] our closest known extinct relatives were capable of creating art." Article from 2011.

"Neanderthals weren't dumb about their diet, scientists say -- Extinct relatives' leavings suggest they consumed birds, fish and plants, not just game. Bones left behind at Neanderthal sites suggest that families like the one shown in this artist's conception followed a balanced diet."

"First draft of Neanderthal genome revealed. 63 percent of genetic code deciphered; could show why humans won out." This is a very good summary of what the Neanderthal genome reveals, what it doesn't, what they hope for still. Pictured: "A reconstructed Neanderthal skeleton, right, and a modern human version of a skeleton are on display at the Museum of Natural History in New York."

"New [dating] method shows cave art is older: Did Neanderthals do it?" -- Very interesting article explaining the debate that is likely to rage for years to come. Are these handprints of Neanderthals after all? Stay tuned...

This is from back in 2005 and showed scientists some surprises at the time. "Scientists build Neanderthal ‘Frankenstein’ -- Skeleton reconstructed from bits and pieces; the result looks like a ‘dwarfy-like’ creature." -- "The biggest surprise...is that they have a rib cage radically different than a modern human’s rib cage..." Pictured: "The Neanderthal skeleton, at left, is compared with a modern human skeleton." Much more at the click-through.

Video excerpts on YouTube from "Neanderthal Code" (aired on National Geographic Channel in 2008). "Who were the Neanderthals? How human were they? Why did they go extinct? For 150 years the fate of our closest relatives has been a mystery. But now scientists can start answering these questions - with the help of DNA."

"Half-Million-Year-Old Human Jawbone Found: ...in a cave in Serbia...The jawbone, which may have come from an ancient Homo erectus or a primitive-looking Neanderthal precursor, is more than 397,000 years old, and possibly more than 525,000 years old. The fossil, described today (Feb. 6) in the journal PLOS ONE, is the oldest hominin fossil found in this region of Europe, and may change the view that Neanderthals, our closest extinct human relatives, evolved throughout Europe around that time...

PLOS ONE: Birds of a Feather: Neanderthal Exploitation of Raptors and Corvids

"Neanderthal relative skulls unearthed in Spain throw light on human evolution" -- Click-through article explains the theory of cladogenesis in relation to the 17 skulls and up to 30 individuals found at Sima de los Huesos (Pit of the Bones) in the Atapuerca hill in northern Spain. Photo: Zagros Paleolithic Museum

"Were European Neanderthals Long Gone Before Humans Arrived?" Analyzing "mitochondrial DNA...from 13 Neanderthal individuals, including a new sequence from [Valdegoba cave, Spain]" yielded surprises: “Until modern humans arrived on the scene, it was widely thought that Europe had been populated by a relatively stable Neanderthal population for hundreds of thousands of years. Our research suggests otherwise and in light of these new results, this long-held theory now faces scrutiny."

"Experts believe that Neanderthals and modern humans shared a common ancestor in Africa. Around 400,000 years ago early Neanderthals left Africa and headed for Europe and Asia. However, our ancestors stayed behind, and evolved into modern humans."

An ancient Egyptian faience inlay depicting Thoth, god of wisdom, as the ibis with a feather, symbolising Maat, the goddess of truth/truth. (The Metropolitan Museum of Art)

Statue of Osiris British Museum EA 20868. 20th dynasty, about 1170 BC. Painted wood. From Thebes. The figure depicts the god wearing his characteristic feathered crown and grasping the royal crook and flail sceptres. The green colouring of the skin reflects the god's associations with vegetation as a metaphor for rebirth. This statuette contained the rolled funerary papyrus of the lady Anhai.

*QUEEN TIY: with a Crown of Two Feathers

"Ceremonially, when the Nile started its annual flood, the Festival of Anuket began. People threw coins, gold, jewelry, and precious gifts into the river, in thanks for the life-giving water and returning benefits derived from the wealth provided by her fertility to the goddess." (text from en.wikipedia) Head of goddess Anukis wearing her feather crown. (Picture from the metmuseum.org)

India. Siddi (Afro-Indian) Performer. Ethnic group of blacks of African descent in India

A bronze piece from Uppakra, Sweden depicting Wayland wearing his cloak of feathers and flying. Wayland was a smith and inventor who fabricated fine objects and magical things, such as the sword Gram, that Sigurd used to kill Fafnir the dragon.

The South Texas Heritage Center at the Witte Museum in San Antonio, Texas hope my Texas friends check it out!