Iranian Troglodyte Homes~The Iranian village of Kandovan is usually described as a "gigantic termite colony". Volcanic rock formed a small group of cone-like caves that eventually attracted human inhabitants. The small town, like many of the other underground dwellings on this list, has become a veritable tourist destination. Volcanic Rocks, Consider Moving, Caves House, Hobbit Home, Hobbit Houses, Iranian Village, Rocks Form, Iranian Troglodyte, 13 Hobbit
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Chinese Yaodong Typical to Northern China, this style of carving houses into the hillside, called yaodong, dates back to the second millennium BC and is still employed today. Since any change in the temperature of the dense earth occurs very slowly between seasons, earth shelters such as these remain temperate year-round.
Matmata, Tunesia-When "Hotel Sidi Driss" became famous for being chosen for the 1976 movie, "Star Wars," as Luke Skywalkers childhood home on Tatooine, it became famous. Berbers live in this tiny subterranean village, as it keeps them cool in the extreme heat and guards them from the horrendous sandstorms.
French Troglodyte Homes Domesticated cave dwellings are usually called "troglodyte homes," and the Loire River Valley in France is full of them. Excessive quarrying of the local rock in the 11th century created cavities in the hills and plains, and not surprisingly, people moved in... and never moved out.
Icelandic Turf Houses For over 1,000 years, Iceland has been constructing these turf houses, which blend into the landscape and capitalize on nature's insulation. While similar constructions in Norway, Scotland, Ireland and Greenland were only built by those who couldn't afford anything else, turf houses in Iceland were even built by tribe chiefs.