A dust storm invaded Stratford, Texas, on April 18, 1935. It became known that the reason this occurred is from the soil being so parched due to drought & from the farmers 'not' rotating their crops. These storm in our history is where the term 'dust bowl' or 'dry as a dust bowl' came from.
Farmer and sons, dust storm, Cimarron County, Oklahoma, 1936. Photographer: Arthur Rothstein. The drought that helped cripple agriculture in the Great Depression was the worst in the climatological history of the country. By 1934 it had dessicated the Great Plains, from North Dakota to Texas, from the Mississippi River Valley to the Rockies. Vast dust storms swept the region.
“Dust Over Texas.” Huge boiling masses of dust that blocked out the sun were common sights in Texas during the Dust Bowl years. In: “To Hold This Soil”, Russell Lord, 1938. Miscellaneous Publication No. 321, U.S. Department of Agriculture. Circa 1935
BLACK SUNDAY - April 14, 1935 - The rains didn't return until 4 years later. When the dust settled in April 1935, scenes like this were repeated throughout the high plains region. Crops were ruined. Farms produced nothing. Livestock died en masse. People abandoned their homes in droves, with little more than the clothes on their back to show for many years of hard work building their homesteads. There was nothing of value to sell, no one to sell to.
The huge Black Sunday storm—the worst storm of the decade-long Dust Bowl in the southern Plains—just before it engulfed the Church of God in Ulysses, Kansas, April 14, 1935. Daylight turned to total blackness in mid-afternoon.