Haiti’s then-president Dumarsais Estimé and his wife Lucienne Heurtelou at an official ceremony in Jacmel in the early 1950s. Estimé was practically a success story in Haitian elite society. Born in astonishing poverty, he moved to Port-au-Prince from the small town of Verettes, and thanks to the financial help of an uncle on his father’s side of the family, he attended law school, and even married into one of Haiti’s most highly-esteemed families the Heurtelous.
Haitian president Antoine Eustache Joseph Louis Borno | Born in Port-au-Prince in 1865, Mr. Borno also moonlighted as a poet. Like other young men from wealthy families in Haiti at the time, he went to France to further his education. He returned to Haiti in 1890 with a law degree then delved into public administration serving as Minister of International Relations and Religion under president Nord Alexis. In 1930, Borno was president of Haiti.
Joseph Philippe Lemercier Laroche and his family! Joseph Phillipe was born in the city of Cap Haitien, Haiti, on May 26, 1886. He must have been quite a child prodigy, and must have been born in a very wealthy family in Haiti, because at the tender age of 15, he left his family in Haiti (accompanied by Monsegnieur Kersuzan, the archbishop of Haiti) to go study engineering in France in northern region of Picardie.
1849- Faustin Soulouque, President of Haiti, has himself crowned Emperor. A freed slave, Soulouque had fought in the Haitian Revolution and worked his way up through the military of the new state. Appointed president at age 65 by Haiti's ruling elite because they thought he would be malleable, he surprised them by establishing a secret police and removing old power brokers from their positions through layoffs and/or murders. Soulouque's bid for personal autocracy will last almost ten years.
Haiti in the 1980s, at the height of elite decadence. Jean-Claude Duvalier with First Lady Michèle Duvalier and mother-in-law Simone Ovide Duvalier outside the steps of Haiti’s National Palace.
Francois Fournier de Pescay (1771-1845) He may have been the first black surgeon. Born in Bordeaux, France of Haitian and French ancestry, he rose to chief surgeon of the French military, and later practiced in Brussels, Belgium, where he founded the Medical Society.