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Haitian president Antoine Eustache Joseph Louis Borno | Born in Port-au-Prince in 1865, Mr. Borno also moonlighted as a poet. Like other young men from wealthy families in Haiti at the time, he went to France to further his education. He returned to Haiti in 1890 with a law degree then delved into public administration serving as Minister of International Relations and Religion under president Nord Alexis. In 1930, Borno was president of Haiti.
The Haitian literary scene truly begun to take shape in the 1900s. In April 1906, Haiti lost one of its most beloved poets and writers Oswald Durand (above), who had written the celebrated poem “Choucoune”. The poem was eventually adapted into a song, including an adaptation done by Harry Belafonte in 1957 entitled “Yellow Bird”. Haitian Montreal-born actress and model Johanne Harrelle also did her own rendition of it in the 1964 film A Tout Prende. There’s even a Creole-Spanish version done ...
"A sisal plant in Port au Prince, Haiti, in the year 1951, producing the fiber for the United States Department of Defense. According to historical records, the sisal industry in Haiti employed about 15,000 workers in Haiti, who produced at the very least 40,000 tons of fiber for U.S. defense programs."
1849- Faustin Soulouque, President of Haiti, has himself crowned Emperor. A freed slave, Soulouque had fought in the Haitian Revolution and worked his way up through the military of the new state. Appointed president at age 65 by Haiti's ruling elite because they thought he would be malleable, he surprised them by establishing a secret police and removing old power brokers from their positions through layoffs and/or murders. Soulouque's bid for personal autocracy will last almost ten years.