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Haiti’s then-president Dumarsais Estimé and his wife Lucienne Heurtelou at an official ceremony in Jacmel in the early 1950s. Estimé was practically a success story in Haitian elite society. Born in astonishing poverty, he moved to Port-au-Prince from the small town of Verettes, and thanks to the financial help of an uncle on his father’s side of the family, he attended law school, and even married into one of Haiti’s most highly-esteemed families the Heurtelous.

1930's. A portrait of Haitian president Louis Borno. Born Antoine Eustache Joseph Louis Borno. Mr. Borno also was a poet. Born in Port-au-Prince to Eugène Borno and Elizabeth Lelia Baude in 1865, the same year that the Civil War ended in the US. He went to France to further his education. He returned in 1890 with a law degree, but didn’t formally practice law for long, instead delved into public administration serving as Minister of Int'l Relations and Religion under President Nord Alexis.

Port au Prince, Haiti, 1926