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[Dutch woman.] Digital ID: 418051. Sherman, Augustus F. (Augustus Francis) -- Photographer. [ca. 1906-1914] Notes: Identified as 'Protestant woman from Zuid-Beveland, province of Zeeland, The Netherlands' in Peter Mesenholler 'Augustus F. Sherman: Ellis Island Portraits 1905-1920' (c1905) p.61. Source: William Williams papers / Photographs of immigrants (more info) Repository: The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.

[Three Dutch women.] Digital ID: 1206548. Sherman, Augustus F. (Augustus Francis) -- Photographer Notes: Identified as 'Mother and her two daughters from Zuid-Beveland, province of Zeeland, The Netherlands' in Peter Mesenholler 'Augustus F. Sherman: Ellis Island Portraits 1905-1920' (c1905) p.57. Source: William Williams papers / Photographs of immigrants (more info)

The Dutch surrender peacefully.1664. The day "New Amsterdam" became "New York." Not quite America yet, but on it's way.

In the old days, Santa Claus would gather up bad children, toss them in his basket, and whisk them away to the North Pole to serve as his slaves. That's where the legend of Santa's elves came from. (Photo from Holland)

NYC. Immigrants in 1904 after being processed at Ellis Island. Welcome to your new life!

Periods and eras in English history

Toured the Hackensack First Reformed Dutch Church, in Hackensack, New Jersey. It was built by my ancestors and I was able to see the personal bible of one of my gateway ancestors, dating back tot he late 1500's.

The Holland Dames Ancestor list provides the names of all the male Dutch settlers in New Amsterdam, but not the women, who, at that time, retained their maiden names. They also shared the risk of colonizing also. The Holland Dames Association is made of a membership of those who can trace their ancestry to one of these settlers. It's their webpage that has this list.

Dutch immigrant toddlers in traditional clothing and wooden shoes - I wonder if my Dutch ancestors dressed their children like this after immigrating?

Pennsylvania Dutch refers to immigrants and their descendants from Alsace, southwestern Germany and Switzerland who settled in Pennsylvania in the 17th and 18th centuries. Historically they have spoken the dialect of German known as Pennsylvania Dutch or Pennsylvania German. The first major emigration of Germans to America resulted in the founding of the Borough of Germantown in northwest Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania on October 6, 1683.

John Lesley (1527–1596), Roman Catholic Bishop of Ross and advisor to Mary Queen of Scots. Apparently illegitimate, as in July, 1538, a dispensation was granted to him to take orders, notwithstanding this defect. He was, in 1571, involved in the Ridolfi Plot, backed by Philip II. of Spain, to unite Thomas Howard, 4th. Duke of Norfolk, in marriage, to Mary Queen of Scots, and to then seize the English throne, and replace Elizabeth I. with Mary.

Genealogy of the English Kings, Genealogical Chronicle of the English Kings, England, East Anglia, c. 1300–07, London, British Library, Royal 14 B. vi © British Library Board

Beginning in the 1700's, the Irish were evicted by greedy landlords, which were primarily English, living in England. Once the famine began, the evictions became rampant, leaving the Irish homeless in their own land.